Articles | Volume 18, issue 11
Research article
 | Highlight paper
13 Jun 2018
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 13 Jun 2018

Surface impacts of the Quasi Biennial Oscillation

Lesley J. Gray, James A. Anstey, Yoshio Kawatani, Hua Lu, Scott Osprey, and Verena Schenzinger

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Subject: Dynamics | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling and Data Analysis | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Adler, R. F., Sapiano, M., Huffman, G. J., Wang, J.-J., Gu, G., Bolvin, D., Chiu, L., Schneider, U., Becker, A., Nelkin, E., Xie, P., Ferraro, R., and Shin, D.-B.: The Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Analysis (New Version 2.3) and a Review of 2017 Global Precipitation, Atmosphere, 9, 138,, 2018. 
Allan, R. and Ansell, T.: A new globally-complete monthly historical gridded mean sea level pressure data set (HadSLP2): 1850-2-004, J. Climate, 19, 5816–5842, 2006. 
Anstey, J. A. and Shepherd, T. G.: Response of the northern stratospheric polar vortex to the seasonal alignment of QBO phase transitions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L22810,, 2008. 
Anstey, J. A. and Shepherd, T. G.: High-latitude influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 140, 1–21, 2014. 
Anstey, J. A., Shepherd, T. G., and Scinocca, J. F.: Influence of the Quasi Biennial Oscillation on the Extratropical Winter Stratosphere in an Atmospheric Circulation Model and in Reanalysis Data, J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 1402–1419,, 2010. 
Short summary
A major phenomenon in the stratosphere is the Quasi Biennial Oscillation (QBO). Although a feature of the equatorial stratosphere, its influence extends to surface weather at both equatorial and mid latitudes. Improved knowledge of mechanisms of influence should help to improve weather forecasts. In this paper, QBO impacts at the surface are characterized and dominant mechanisms explored. Three pathways are identified, referred to as the tropical, subtropical and polar routes.
Final-revised paper