Articles | Volume 19, issue 7
Research article
17 Apr 2019
Research article |  | 17 Apr 2019

Statistical climatology of mid-latitude mesospheric summer echoes characterised by OSWIN (Ostsee-Wind) radar observations

Dimitry Pokhotelov, Gunter Stober, and Jorge Luis Chau

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Cited articles

Barabash, V., Kirkwood, S., Feofilov, A., and Kutepov, A.: Polar mesosphere summer echoes during the July 2000 solar protonevent, Ann. Geophys., 22, 759–771,, 2004. a
Bothmer, V. and Daglis, I. A.: Space Weather – Physics and Effects, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 438 pp., ISBN 978-3-540-23907-9, 2007. a
Bremer, J., Hoffmann, P., Höffner, J., Latteck, R., Singer, W., Zecha, M., and Zeller, O.: Long-term changes of mesospheric summer echoes at polar and middle latitudes, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 68, 1940–1951,, 2006. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Bremer, J., Hoffmann, P., Latteck, R., Singer, W., and Zecha, M.: Long-term changes of (polar) mesosphere summer echoes, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 71, 1571–1576,, 2009. a
Chau, J. L. and Kudeki, E.: First E- and D-region incoherent scatter spectra observed over Jicamarca, Ann. Geophys., 24, 1295–1303,, 2006. a
Short summary
Twelve years of radar observations from a mid-latitude location in Kühlungsborn, Germany have been analysed to study characteristics of mesospheric summer echoes (MSEs). The statistical analysis shows that MSEs have a strong daytime preference and early summer seasonal preference. It is demonstrated that the meridional wind transport from polar regions is the important controlling factor for MSEs, while no clear connection to geomagnetic and solar activity is found.
Final-revised paper