Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-974
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-974

  27 Oct 2020

27 Oct 2020

Review status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Study of second-order wind statistics in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region from multistatic specular meteor radar observations during the SIMONe 2018 campaign

Harikrishnan Charuvil Asokan1,2, Jorge L. Chau1, Raffaele Marino2, Juha Vierinen3, Fabio Vargas4, Juan Miguel Urco1,4, Matthias Clahsen1, and Christoph Jacobi5 Harikrishnan Charuvil Asokan et al.
  • 1Leibniz-Institute of Atmospheric Physics at the Rostock University, Kühlungsborn, Germany
  • 2Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et d’Acoustique, CNRS, École Centrale de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, INSA de Lyon, Écully, France
  • 3Department of Physics and Technology, University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway
  • 4Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA, 61801
  • 5Institute for Meteorology, Universität Leipzig, Stephanstr. 3, 04103 Leipzig, Germany

Abstract. In recent years, multistatic specular meteor radars (SMRs) have been introduced to study the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere (MLT) dynamics. In this paper, the statistics of mesoscale MLT power spectra are explored through observations from a campaign using the SIMONe (Spread-spectrum Interferometric Multistatic meteor radar Observing Network) approach conducted in northern Germany in 2018 (hereafter SIMONe 2018). The seven-day SIMONe 2018 comprised of fourteen multistatic SMR links and allows to build a substantial database of specular meteor trail events, collecting more than one hundred thousand detections per day within a geographic area of ~ 500 km x 500 km. The two methods we propose to obtain the power spectra in frequency range are (1) Wind field Correlation Function Inversion (WCFI), which utilizes two-point correlations of specular meteor observations, and (2) Mean Wind Estimation (MWE), which determines the MLT winds and gradients from specular meteor observations. Monte Carlo simulations of a gravity wave spectral model were implemented to validate and compare both methods. The simulation analyses suggest that the WCFI is the viable option among them to study the second-order statistics of the MLT winds that helps to capture the energy of small-scale wind fluctuations. Characterization of the spectral slope at different MLT altitudes has been conducted on the SIMONe 2018, and it provides evidence that gravity waves with periods smaller than seven hours and greater than two hours are dominated by waves with horizontal wavelength significantly larger than 500 km, which might be associated to secondary gravity waves. We believe that the presented methods can help us bridge the observational gap between large and small-scale mesospheric wind fluctuations and also improve the capabilities of SMRs.

Harikrishnan Charuvil Asokan et al.

 
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Harikrishnan Charuvil Asokan et al.

Harikrishnan Charuvil Asokan et al.

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Short summary
This paper explores the dynamics of gravity waves and turbulence present in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region. We utilized two different techniques on meteor radar observations and simulations to obtain power spectra at different horizontal scales. The techniques are applied to a special campaign conducted in northern Germany in November 2018. The study revealed the dominance of large-scale structures with horizontal scales larger than 500 km during the campaign period.
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