Articles | Volume 24, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-1489-2024
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-1489-2024
Research article
 | 
31 Jan 2024
Research article |  | 31 Jan 2024

The contribution of residential wood combustion to the PM2.5 concentrations in the Helsinki metropolitan area

Leena Kangas, Jaakko Kukkonen, Mari Kauhaniemi, Kari Riikonen, Mikhail Sofiev, Anu Kousa, Jarkko V. Niemi, and Ari Karppinen

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Cited articles

Aarnio, M. A., Kukkonen, J., Kangas, L., Kauhaniemi, M., Kousa, A., Hendriks, C., Yli-Tuomi, T., Lanki, T., Hoek, G., Brunekreef, B., Elolähde, T., and Karppinen, A.: Modelling of particulate matter concentrations and source contributions in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area in 2008 and 2010, Boreal Environ. Res., 21, 445–460, 2016. 
Ahtoniemi, P., Tainio, M., Tuomisto, J. T., Karvosenoja, N., Kupiainen, K., Porvari, P., Karppinen, A., Kangas, L., and Kukkonen, J.: Health risks from nearby sources of fine particulate matter: Domestic wood combustion and road traffic (PILTTI), National Institute for Health and Welfare, Report 3/2010, https://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe201205085050 (last access: 23 January 2024), 2010. 
Amann, M., Cofala, J., Klimont, Z., Nagl, C., and Schieder, W.: Measures to address air pollution from small combustion sources, Report under Specific Agreement 11 under Framework Contract ENV. C.3/FRA/2013/00131 of DG-Environment of the European Commission, available from the Clean Air Outlook site http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/clean_air/outlook.htm (last access: 23 January 2024), 2018. 
Andersen, S. P., Allen, B., and Domingo, G. C.: Biomass in the EU Green Deal: Towards consensus on the use of biomass for EU bioenergy. Policy report, Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), https://ieep.eu/publications/biomass- in-the-eu-green-deal-towards-consensus-on-sustainable-use-of- biomass-for-eu-bioenergy/ (last access: 23 January 2024), 2021. 
Anenberg, S. C., Henze, D. K., Tinney, V., Kinney, P. L., Raich, W., Fann, N., Malley, C. S., Roman, H., Lamsal, L., Duncan, B., Martin, R. V., van Donkelaar, A., Brauer, M., Doherty, R., Jonson, J. E., Davila, Y., Sudo, K., and Kuylenstierna, J. C. I.: Estimates of the Global Burden of Ambient PM2.5, Ozone, and NO2 on Asthma Incidence and Emergency Room Visits, Environ. Health Persp., 126, 107004, https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP3766, 2018. 
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Short summary
Residential wood combustion is a major source of fine particulate matter. This study has evaluated the contribution of residential wood combustion to fine particle concentrations and its year-to-year and seasonal variation in te Helsinki metropolitan area. The average concentrations attributed to wood combustion in winter were up to 10- or 15-fold compared to summer. Wood combustion caused 12 % to 14 % of annual fine particle concentrations. In winter, the contribution ranged from 16 % to 21 %.
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