Articles | Volume 21, issue 18
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 14215–14234, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-14215-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 14215–14234, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-14215-2021
Research article
24 Sep 2021
Research article | 24 Sep 2021

Laboratory and field studies of ice-nucleating particles from open-lot livestock facilities in Texas

Naruki Hiranuma et al.

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Cited articles

Alter, R. E., Fan, Y., Lintner, B. R., and Weaver, C. P.: Observational evidence that Great Plains irrigation has enhanced summer precipitation intensity and totals in the Midwestern United States, J. Hydrometeorol., 16, 1717–1735, 2015. 
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Auvermann, B. W., Hiranuma, N., Heflin, K., and Marek, G.: Open-path transmissometry for measurement of visibility impairment by fugitive emissions from livestock facilities, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 044010​​​​​​​, https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.17090, 2004. 
Beall, C. M., Lucero, D., Hill, T. C., DeMott, P. J., Stokes, M. D., and Prather, K. A.: Best practices for precipitation sample storage for offline studies of ice nucleation in marine and coastal environments, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 6473–6486, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-6473-2020, 2020. 
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Short summary
We present laboratory and field studies showing that an open-lot livestock facility is a substantial source of atmospheric ice-nucleating particles (INPs). The ambient concentration of INPs from livestock facilities in Texas is very high. It is up to several thousand INPs per liter below –20 °C and may impact regional aerosol–cloud interactions. About 50% of feedlot INPs were supermicron in diameter. No notable amount of known ice-nucleating microorganisms was found in our feedlot samples.
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