Articles | Volume 20, issue 14
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 8923–8938, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-8923-2020
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 8923–8938, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-8923-2020

Research article 28 Jul 2020

Research article | 28 Jul 2020

Statistical response of middle atmosphere composition to solar proton events in WACCM-D simulations: the importance of lower ionospheric chemistry

Niilo Kalakoski et al.

Related authors

Odd hydrogen response thresholds for indication of solar proton and electron impact in the mesosphere and stratosphere
Tuomas Häkkilä, Pekka T. Verronen, Luis Millán, Monika E. Szeląg, Niilo Kalakoski, and Antti Kero
Ann. Geophys., 38, 1299–1312, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-1299-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-1299-2020, 2020
Short summary
Validation of the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) surface UV radiation product
Kaisa Lakkala, Jukka Kujanpää, Colette Brogniez, Nicolas Henriot, Antti Arola, Margit Aun, Frédérique Auriol, Alkiviadis F. Bais, Germar Bernhard, Veerle De Bock, Maxime Catalfamo, Christine Deroo, Henri Diémoz, Luca Egli, Jean-Baptiste Forestier, Ilias Fountoulakis, Katerina Garane, Rosa Delia Garcia, Julian Gröbner, Seppo Hassinen, Anu Heikkilä, Stuart Henderson, Gregor Hülsen, Bjørn Johnsen, Niilo Kalakoski, Angelos Karanikolas, Tomi Karppinen, Kevin Lamy, Sergio F. León-Luis, Anders V. Lindfors, Jean-Marc Metzger, Fanny Minvielle, Harel B. Muskatel, Thierry Portafaix, Alberto Redondas, Ricardo Sanchez, Anna Maria Siani, Tove Svendby, and Johanna Tamminen
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 6999–7024, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-6999-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-6999-2020, 2020
Short summary
Is there a direct solar proton impact on lower-stratospheric ozone?
Jia Jia, Antti Kero, Niilo Kalakoski, Monika E. Szeląg, and Pekka T. Verronen
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 14969–14982, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-14969-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-14969-2020, 2020
Short summary
Magnetic-local-time dependency of radiation belt electron precipitation: impact on ozone in the polar middle atmosphere
Pekka T. Verronen, Daniel R. Marsh, Monika E. Szeląg, and Niilo Kalakoski
Ann. Geophys., 38, 833–844, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-833-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-833-2020, 2020
Short summary
The TROPOMI surface UV algorithm
Anders V. Lindfors, Jukka Kujanpää, Niilo Kalakoski, Anu Heikkilä, Kaisa Lakkala, Tero Mielonen, Maarten Sneep, Nickolay A. Krotkov, Antti Arola, and Johanna Tamminen
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 997–1008, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-997-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-997-2018, 2018
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Gases | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Mesosphere | Science Focus: Chemistry (chemical composition and reactions)
The response of mesospheric H2O and CO to solar irradiance variability in models and observations
Arseniy Karagodin-Doyennel, Eugene Rozanov, Ales Kuchar, William Ball, Pavle Arsenovic, Ellis Remsberg, Patrick Jöckel, Markus Kunze, David A. Plummer, Andrea Stenke, Daniel Marsh, Doug Kinnison, and Thomas Peter
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 201–216, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-201-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-201-2021, 2021
Short summary
Model simulations of chemical effects of sprites in relation with satellite observations
Holger Winkler, Takayoshi Yamada, Yasuko Kasai, Uwe Berger, and Justus Notholt
Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-1228,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-1228, 2021
Revised manuscript accepted for ACP
Short summary
Photochemistry on the bottom side of the mesospheric Na layer
Tao Yuan, Wuhu Feng, John M. C. Plane, and Daniel R. Marsh
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 3769–3777, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-3769-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-3769-2019, 2019
Short summary
Model results of OH airglow considering four different wavelength regions to derive night-time atomic oxygen and atomic hydrogen in the mesopause region
Tilo Fytterer, Christian von Savigny, Martin Mlynczak, and Miriam Sinnhuber
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 1835–1851, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1835-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1835-2019, 2019
Short summary
A new model of meteoric calcium in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere
John M. C. Plane, Wuhu Feng, Juan Carlos Gómez Martín, Michael Gerding, and Shikha Raizada
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 14799–14811, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-14799-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-14799-2018, 2018
Short summary

Cited articles

Andersson, M. E., Verronen, P. T., Marsh, D. R., Päivärinta, S.-M., and Plane, J. M. C.: WACCM-D – Improved modeling of nitric acid and active chlorine during energetic particle precipitation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121, 10328–10341, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD024173, 2016. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i
Calisto, M., Usoskin, I., and Rozanov, E.: Influence of a Carrington-like event on the atmospheric chemistry, temperature and dynamics: revised, Environ. Res. Lett., 8, 045010, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/045010, 2013. a
Damiani, A., Funke, B., Marsh, D. R., López-Puertas, M., Santee, M. L., Froidevaux, L., Wang, S., Jackman, C. H., von Clarmann, T., Gardini, A., Cordero, R. R., and Storini, M.: Impact of January 2005 solar proton events on chlorine species, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 4159–4179, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-4159-2012, 2012. a
Denton, M. H., Kivi, R., Ulich, T., Clilverd, M. A., Rodger, C. J., and von der Gathen, P.: Northern hemisphere stratospheric ozone depletion caused by solar proton events: the role of the polar vortex, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 2115–2124, 2018. a, b
Funke, B., Baumgaertner, A., Calisto, M., Egorova, T., Jackman, C. H., Kieser, J., Krivolutsky, A., López-Puertas, M., Marsh, D. R., Reddmann, T., Rozanov, E., Salmi, S.-M., Sinnhuber, M., Stiller, G. P., Verronen, P. T., Versick, S., von Clarmann, T., Vyushkova, T. Y., Wieters, N., and Wissing, J. M.: Composition changes after the ”Halloween” solar proton event: the High Energy Particle Precipitation in the Atmosphere (HEPPA) model versus MIPAS data intercomparison study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9089–9139, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-9089-2011, 2011. a, b, c, d
Download
Short summary
Effects of solar proton events (SPEs) on middle atmosphere chemistry were studied using the WACCM-D chemistry–climate model, including an improved representation of lower ionosphere ion chemistry. This study includes 66 events in the years 1989–2012 and uses a statistical approach to determine the impact of the improved chemistry scheme. The differences shown highlight the importance of ion chemistry in models used to study energetic particle precipitation.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint