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ACP | Articles | Volume 18, issue 21
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 15569–15580, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-15569-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: Layered phenomena in the mesopause region (ACP/AMT inter-journal...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 15569–15580, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-15569-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 30 Oct 2018

Research article | 30 Oct 2018

Simultaneous observations of NLCs and MSEs at midlatitudes: implications for formation and advection of ice particles

Michael Gerding et al.

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Alpers, M., Eixmann, R., Fricke-Begemann, C., Gerding, M., and Höffner, J.: Temperature lidar measurements from 1 to 105 km altitude using resonance, Rayleigh, and Rotational Raman scattering, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 793–800, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-4-793-2004, 2004. a
Baumgarten, K., Gerding, M., Baumgarten, G., and Lübken, F.-J.: Temporal variability of tidal and gravity waves during a record long 10-day continuous lidar sounding, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 371–384, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-371-2018, 2018. a
Chilson, P. B., Czechowsky, P., Klostermeyer, J., Rüster, R., and Schmidt, G.: An investigation of measured temperature profiles and VHF mesosphere summer echoes at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 23819–23828, https://doi.org/10.1029/97JD01572, 1997. a
Chu, X., Gardner, C. S., and Roble, R. G.: Lidar studies of interannual, seasonal, and diurnal variations of polar mesospheric clouds at the South Pole, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 8447, https://doi.org/10.1029/2002JD002524, 2003. a
Collins, R., Taylor, M., Nielsen, K., Mizutani, K., Murayama, Y., Sakanoi, K., and DeLand, M.: Noctilucent cloud in the western Arctic in 2005: Simultaneous lidar and camera observations and analysis, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phy., 71, 446–452, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.044, 2009. a
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We describe the first comparative study of noctilucent clouds (NLCs) and mesospheric summer echoes at midlatitudes. Therefore, this study compares fresh clouds (small particles) with fully evolved clouds in the mesosphere, hinting at their evolution. It is shown that, in contrast to higher latitudes, here only a thin layer of fresh particles exist above the NLCs. This gives evidence that NLCs are not formed locally but are typically advected. This needs to be acknowledged in trend studies.
We describe the first comparative study of noctilucent clouds (NLCs) and mesospheric summer...
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