Articles | Volume 18, issue 21
Research article
30 Oct 2018
Research article |  | 30 Oct 2018

Simultaneous observations of NLCs and MSEs at midlatitudes: implications for formation and advection of ice particles

Michael Gerding, Jochen Zöllner, Marius Zecha, Kathrin Baumgarten, Josef Höffner, Gunter Stober, and Franz-Josef Lübken

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Cited articles

Alpers, M., Eixmann, R., Fricke-Begemann, C., Gerding, M., and Höffner, J.: Temperature lidar measurements from 1 to 105 km altitude using resonance, Rayleigh, and Rotational Raman scattering, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 793–800,, 2004. a
Baumgarten, K., Gerding, M., Baumgarten, G., and Lübken, F.-J.: Temporal variability of tidal and gravity waves during a record long 10-day continuous lidar sounding, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 371–384,, 2018. a
Chilson, P. B., Czechowsky, P., Klostermeyer, J., Rüster, R., and Schmidt, G.: An investigation of measured temperature profiles and VHF mesosphere summer echoes at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 23819–23828,, 1997. a
Chu, X., Gardner, C. S., and Roble, R. G.: Lidar studies of interannual, seasonal, and diurnal variations of polar mesospheric clouds at the South Pole, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 8447,, 2003. a
Collins, R., Taylor, M., Nielsen, K., Mizutani, K., Murayama, Y., Sakanoi, K., and DeLand, M.: Noctilucent cloud in the western Arctic in 2005: Simultaneous lidar and camera observations and analysis, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phy., 71, 446–452,, 2009. a
Short summary
We describe the first comparative study of noctilucent clouds (NLCs) and mesospheric summer echoes at midlatitudes. Therefore, this study compares fresh clouds (small particles) with fully evolved clouds in the mesosphere, hinting at their evolution. It is shown that, in contrast to higher latitudes, here only a thin layer of fresh particles exist above the NLCs. This gives evidence that NLCs are not formed locally but are typically advected. This needs to be acknowledged in trend studies.
Final-revised paper