Articles | Volume 18, issue 20
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-15219-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-15219-2018
Research article
 | 
23 Oct 2018
Research article |  | 23 Oct 2018

Source contributions and potential reductions to health effects of particulate matter in India

Hao Guo, Sri Harsha Kota, Kaiyu Chen, Shovan Kumar Sahu, Jianlin Hu, Qi Ying, Yuan Wang, and Hongliang Zhang

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Cited articles

Burnett, R. T., Pope III, C. A., Ezzati, M., Olives, C., Lim, S. S., Mehta, S., Shin, H. H., Singh, G., Hubbell, B., and Brauer, M.: An integrated risk function for estimating the global burden of disease attributable to ambient fine particulate matter exposure, Environ. Health Persp., 122, 397–403, https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1307049, 2014. 
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Garaga, R., Sahu, S. K., and Kota, S. H.: A Review of Air Quality Modeling Studies in India: Local and Regional Scale, Current Pollution Reports, 4, 59–73, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40726-018-0081-0, 2018. 
GBD: Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived with Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life Years 1990–2016, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2018, Location: Seattle, United States, 2017. 
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Short summary
A total of 1.04 million premature mortalities and up to 2 years of life lost (YLL) per person were estimated in India in 2015 due to PM2.5. Premature mortality due to cerebrovascular disease (CEVD) was the highest (0.44 million), followed by ischaemic heart disease (IHD, 0.40 million). The residential sector was the largest contributor, followed by industry, agriculture and energy. Reducing PM2.5 concentrations would lead to a significant reduction in premature mortality and YLL.
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