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We analyzed the characteristics and sources of HONO in the upper boundary layer and lower free troposphere in the North China Plain, based on the field measurements at Mount Tai. Higher-than-expected levels and broad daytime peaks of HONO were observed. Without presence of ground surfaces, aerosol surface plays a key role in the heterogeneous HONO formation at high altitudes. Models without additional HONO sources largely underestimated the oxidation processes in the elevation atmospheres.
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ACP | Articles | Volume 20, issue 20
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 12115–12131, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-12115-2020
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 12115–12131, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-12115-2020

Research article 26 Oct 2020

Research article | 26 Oct 2020

Sources of nitrous acid (HONO) in the upper boundary layer and lower free troposphere of the North China Plain: insights from the Mount Tai Observatory

Ying Jiang et al.

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Cited articles

Acker, K., Möller, D., Wieprecht, W., Auel, R., Kalaß, D., and Tscherwenka, W.: Nitrous and nitric acid measurements inside and outside of clouds at Mt. Brocken, Water Air Soil Pollut., 130, 331–336, 2001. 
Acker, K., Möller, D., Wieprecht, W., Meixner, F. X., Bohn, B., Gilge, S., Plass-Dülmer, C., and Berresheim, H.: Strong daytime production of OH from HNO2 at a rural mountain site, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L02809, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GL024643, 2006. 
Alicke, B., Geyer, A., Hofzumahaus, A., Holland, F., Konrad, S., Pätz, H., Schäfer, J., Stutz, J., Volz-Thomas, A., and Platt, U.: OH formation by HONO photolysis during the BERLIOZ experiment, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 108, PHO 3-1-PHO 3-17, 2003. 
Baergen, A. M. and Donaldson, D. J.: Formation of reactive nitrogen oxides from urban grime photochemistry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 6355–6363, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6355-2016, 2016. 
Bejan, I., Abd El Aal, Y., Barnes, I., Benter, T., Bohn, B., Wiesen, P., and Kleffmann, J. R.: The photolysis of ortho-nitrophenols: a new gas phase source of HONO, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 8, 2028–2035, 2006. 
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Short summary
We analyzed the characteristics and sources of HONO in the upper boundary layer and lower free troposphere in the North China Plain, based on the field measurements at Mount Tai. Higher-than-expected levels and broad daytime peaks of HONO were observed. Without presence of ground surfaces, aerosol surface plays a key role in the heterogeneous HONO formation at high altitudes. Models without additional HONO sources largely underestimated the oxidation processes in the elevation atmospheres.
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