Articles | Volume 19, issue 21
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 13469–13487, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-13469-2019

Special issue: Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 13469–13487, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-13469-2019

Research article 05 Nov 2019

Research article | 05 Nov 2019

Effects of strengthening the Baltic Sea ECA regulations

Jan Eiof Jonson et al.

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Cited articles

Angelbratt, J., Mellqvist, J., Simpson, D., Jonson, J. E., Blumenstock, T., Borsdorff, T., Duchatelet, P., Forster, F., Hase, F., Mahieu, E., De Mazière, M., Notholt, J., Petersen, A. K., Raffalski, U., Servais, C., Sussmann, R., Warneke, T., and Vigouroux, C.: Carbon monoxide (CO) and ethane (C2H6) trends from ground-based solar FTIR measurements at six European stations, comparison and sensitivity analysis with the EMEP model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9253–9269, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-9253-2011, 2011. a
Barregård, L., Molnàr, P., Jonson, J. E., and Stockfeld, L.: Impact on population health of emissions of pollutants from Baltic shipping, Int. J. Env. Res. Pub. He., 59, 11, https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111954, 2019. a, b, c
Beekmann, M. and Vautard, R.: A modelling study of photochemical regimes over Europe: robustness and variability, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10067–10084, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-10067-2010, 2010. a
Brandt, J., Silver, J. D., Christensen, J. H., Andersen, M. S., Bønløkke, J. H., Sigsgaard, T., Geels, C., Gross, A., Hansen, A. B., Hansen, K. M., Hedegaard, G. B., Kaas, E., and Frohn, L. M.: Assessment of past, present and future health-cost externalities of air pollution in Europe and the contribution from international ship traffic using the EVA model system, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 7747–7764, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-7747-2013, 2013. a
Claremar, B., Haglund, K., and Rutgersson, A.: Ship emissions and the use of current air cleaning technology: contributions to air pollution and acidification in the Baltic Sea, Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 901–919, https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-901-2017, 2017. a
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Calculations have been made with the regional-scale EMEP chemical transport model covering Europe and the sea areas surrounding Europe, including much of the North Atlantic. The main focus is on the effects on air pollution as well as depositions of sulfur and nitrogen following the implementation of stricter sulfur emission regulations from 1 January 2015 for ships operating in the Baltic Sea. We also include a study on the effects of future (2030) emissions changes.
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