Articles | Volume 18, issue 20
Research article
19 Oct 2018
Research article |  | 19 Oct 2018

Long-term trends in the ambient PM2.5- and O3-related mortality burdens in the United States under emission reductions from 1990 to 2010

Yuqiang Zhang, J. Jason West, Rohit Mathur, Jia Xing, Christian Hogrefe, Shawn J. Roselle, Jesse O. Bash, Jonathan E. Pleim, Chuen-Meei Gan, and David C. Wong

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Cited articles

Anderson, R. N. and Rosenberg, H. M.: Disease classification: Measuring the effect of the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases on cause-of-death data in the United States, Stat. Med., 22, 1551–1570,, 2003. 
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BenMAP: Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program: Community Edition, User's Manual, Appendices, 2017, available at:, last access: 25 April 2017. 
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Here we use a fine-resolution (36 km) self-consistent 21-year air quality simulation from 1990 to 2010, a health impact function, and annual county-level population and baseline mortality rate estimates to estimate annual mortality burdens from PM2.5 and O3 in the US, and also the contributions to the trends. We found that the PM2.5-related mortality burden has steadily decreased by 53 %, while the O3-related mortality burden has increased by 13 %, with larger inter-annual variabilities.
Final-revised paper