Articles | Volume 16, issue 20
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-12983-2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-12983-2016
Review article
 | 
20 Oct 2016
Review article |  | 20 Oct 2016

Are atmospheric updrafts a key to unlocking climate forcing and sensitivity?

Leo J. Donner, Travis A. O'Brien, Daniel Rieger, Bernhard Vogel, and William F. Cooke

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Cited articles

Bogenschutz, P. and Krueger, S.: A simplified PDF parameterization of sub-grid scale clouds and turbulence for cloud-resolving models, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5, 195–211, https://doi.org/10.1002/jame.20018, 2013.
Bretherton, C., McCaa, J., and Grenier, H.: A new parameterization for shallow cumulus parameterization and its application to marine subtropical cloud-topped boundary layers, Mon. Weather Rev., 132, 864–882, 2004.
Chikira, M. and Sugiyama, M.: A cumulus parameterization with state-dependent entrainment rate. Part I: Description and sensitivity to temperature and humidity profiles, J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 2171–2193, https://doi.org/10.1175/2010JAS3316.1, 2010.
Cho, J. and Lindborg, E.: Horizontal velocity structure functions in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. 1. Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 10223–10232, 2001.
Collis, S., Protat, A., May, P., and Williams, C.: Statistics of storm updraft velocities from TWP-ICE including verification with profiling measurements, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 52, 1909–1922, https://doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0230.1, 2013.
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Uncertainties in both climate forcing and sensitivity limit the extent to which climate projections can meet society's needs for actionable climate science. Advances in observing and modeling atmospheric vertical velocities provide a potential breakthrough in understanding climate forcing and sensitivity, with concurrent reductions in uncertainty.
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