Articles | Volume 16, issue 20
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 12983–12992, 2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 12983–12992, 2016

Review article 20 Oct 2016

Review article | 20 Oct 2016

Are atmospheric updrafts a key to unlocking climate forcing and sensitivity?

Leo J. Donner et al.

Related authors

Practice and philosophy of climate model tuning across six US modeling centers
Gavin A. Schmidt, David Bader, Leo J. Donner, Gregory S. Elsaesser, Jean-Christophe Golaz, Cecile Hannay, Andrea Molod, Richard B. Neale, and Suranjana Saha
Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 3207–3223,,, 2017
Short summary
Sensitivity of nitrate aerosols to ammonia emissions and to nitrate chemistry: implications for present and future nitrate optical depth
F. Paulot, P. Ginoux, W. F. Cooke, L. J. Donner, S. Fan, M.-Y. Lin, J. Mao, V. Naik, and L. W. Horowitz
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 1459–1477,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
Characteristics of surface energy balance and atmospheric circulation during hot-and-polluted episodes and their synergistic relationships with urban heat islands over the Pearl River Delta region
Ifeanyichukwu C. Nduka, Chi-Yung Tam, Jianping Guo, and Steve Hung Lam Yim
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13443–13454,,, 2021
Short summary
Influence of sea salt aerosols on the development of Mediterranean tropical-like cyclones
Enrique Pravia-Sarabia, Juan José Gómez-Navarro, Pedro Jiménez-Guerrero, and Juan Pedro Montávez
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13353–13368,,, 2021
Short summary
Quantification of uncertainties in the assessment of an atmospheric release source applied to the autumn 2017 106Ru event
Joffrey Dumont Le Brazidec, Marc Bocquet, Olivier Saunier, and Yelva Roustan
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13247–13267,,, 2021
Short summary
Forecasting and identifying the meteorological and hydrological conditions favoring the occurrence of severe hazes in Beijing and Shanghai using deep learning
Chien Wang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13149–13166,,, 2021
Short summary
Improving prediction of trans-boundary biomass burning plume dispersion: from northern peninsular Southeast Asia to downwind western North Pacific Ocean
Maggie Chel-Gee Ooi, Ming-Tung Chuang, Joshua S. Fu, Steven S. Kong, Wei-Syun Huang, Sheng-Hsiang Wang, Sittichai Pimonsree, Andy Chan, Shantanu Kumar Pani, and Neng-Huei Lin
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 12521–12541,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Bogenschutz, P. and Krueger, S.: A simplified PDF parameterization of sub-grid scale clouds and turbulence for cloud-resolving models, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5, 195–211,, 2013.
Bretherton, C., McCaa, J., and Grenier, H.: A new parameterization for shallow cumulus parameterization and its application to marine subtropical cloud-topped boundary layers, Mon. Weather Rev., 132, 864–882, 2004.
Chikira, M. and Sugiyama, M.: A cumulus parameterization with state-dependent entrainment rate. Part I: Description and sensitivity to temperature and humidity profiles, J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 2171–2193,, 2010.
Cho, J. and Lindborg, E.: Horizontal velocity structure functions in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. 1. Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 10223–10232, 2001.
Collis, S., Protat, A., May, P., and Williams, C.: Statistics of storm updraft velocities from TWP-ICE including verification with profiling measurements, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 52, 1909–1922,, 2013.
Short summary
Uncertainties in both climate forcing and sensitivity limit the extent to which climate projections can meet society's needs for actionable climate science. Advances in observing and modeling atmospheric vertical velocities provide a potential breakthrough in understanding climate forcing and sensitivity, with concurrent reductions in uncertainty.
Final-revised paper