Articles | Volume 22, issue 2
Research article
01 Feb 2022
Research article |  | 01 Feb 2022

Mapping gaseous dimethylamine, trimethylamine, ammonia, and their particulate counterparts in marine atmospheres of China’s marginal seas – Part 2: Spatiotemporal heterogeneity, causes, and hypothesis

Yating Gao, Dihui Chen, Yanjie Shen, Yang Gao, Huiwang Gao, and Xiaohong Yao

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Cited articles

Altieri, K. E., Hastings, M. G., Peters, A. J., Oleynik, S., and Sigman, D. M.: Isotopic evidence for a marine ammonium source in rainwater at Bermuda, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 28, 1066–1080,, 2014. 
Andreas, E. L.: A new sea spray generation function for wind speeds up to 32 m s−1, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 28, 2175–2184,<2175:ANSSGF>2.0.CO;2, 1998. 
Ault, A. P., Moffet, R. C., Baltrusaitis, J., Collins, D. B., Ruppel, M. J., Cuadra-Rodriguez, L. A., Zhao, D., Guasco, T. L., Ebben, C. J., Geiger, F. M., Bertram, T. H., Prather, K. A., and Grassian, V. H.: Size-dependent changes in sea spray aerosol composition and properties with different seawater conditions, Environ. Sci. Technol., 47, 5603–5612,, 2013. 
Carpenter, L. J., Archer, S. D., and Beale, R.: Ocean-atmosphere trace gas exchange, Chem. Soc. Rev., 41, 6473–6506,, 2012. 
Short summary
This study focuses on spatiotemporal heterogeneity of observed gaseous amines, NH3, their particulate counterparts in PM2.5 over different sea zones, and the disproportional release of alkaline gases and corresponding particulate counterparts from seawater in the sea zones in terms of different extents of enrichment of TMAH+ and DMAH+ in the sea surface microlayer (SML). A novel hypothesis is delivered.
Final-revised paper