Articles | Volume 20, issue 23
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15147–15166, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15147-2020

Special issue: Dust aerosol measurements, modeling and multidisciplinary...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15147–15166, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15147-2020

Research article 07 Dec 2020

Research article | 07 Dec 2020

EARLINET observations of Saharan dust intrusions over the northern Mediterranean region (2014–2017): properties and impact on radiative forcing

Ourania Soupiona et al.

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Cited articles

Amiridis, V., Wandinger, U., Marinou, E., Giannakaki, E., Tsekeri, A., Basart, S., Kazadzis, S., Gkikas, A., Taylor, M., Baldasano, J., and Ansmann, A.: Optimizing CALIPSO Saharan dust retrievals, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 12089–12106, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-12089-2013, 2013. 
Anderson, G., Clough, S., and Kneizys, F.: AFGL atmospheric constituent profiles, Tech. Rep. AFGL-TR-86- 0110, 46 pp., available at: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a175173.pdf (last access: 30 November 2020), 1986. 
Ansmann, A., Riebesell, M., Wandinger, U., Weitkamp, C., Voss, E., Lahmann, W., and Michaelis, W.: Combined Raman Elastic-Backscatter LIDAR for Vertical Profiling of Moisture, Aerosol Extinction, Backscatter, and LIDAR Ratio, Appl. Phys. B, 55, 18–28, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00348608, 1992. 
Ansmann, A., Baars, H., Tesche, M., Müller, D., Althausen, D., Engelmann, R., Pauliquevis, T., and Artaxo, P.: Dust and smoke transport from Africa to South America: Lidar profiling over Cape Verde and the Amazon rainforest, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, 2–6, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL037923, 2009. 
Ansmann, A., Seifert, P., Tesche, M., and Wandinger, U.: Profiling of fine and coarse particle mass: case studies of Saharan dust and Eyjafjallajökull/Grimsvötn volcanic plumes, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 9399–9415, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-9399-2012, 2012. 
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Short summary
51 dust events over the Mediterranean from EARLINET were studied regarding the aerosol geometrical, optical and microphysical properties and radiative forcing. We found δp532 values of 0.24–0.28, LR532 values of 49–52 sr and AOT532 of 0.11–0.40. The aerosol mixing state was also examined. Depending on the dust properties, intensity and solar zenith angle, the estimated solar radiative forcing ranged from −59 to −22 W m−2 at the surface and from −24 to −1 W m−2 at the TOA (cooling effect).
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