Articles | Volume 19, issue 12
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-8003-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-8003-2019
Research article
 | 
18 Jun 2019
Research article |  | 18 Jun 2019

Interaction between succinic acid and sulfuric acid–base clusters

Yun Lin, Yuemeng Ji, Yixin Li, Jeremiah Secrest, Wen Xu, Fei Xu, Yuan Wang, Taicheng An, and Renyi Zhang

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Cited articles

Al Natsheh, A., Nadykto, A. B., Mikkelsen, K. V., Yu, F., and Ruuskanen, J.: Sulfuric acid and sulfuric acid hydrates in the gas phase: A DFT investigation, J. Phys. Chem. A, 108, 8914–8929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp048858o, 2004. 
Anderson, K. E., Siepmann, J. I., McMurry, P. H., and VandeVondele, J.: Importance of the Number of Acid Molecules and the Strength of the Base for Double-Ion Formation in (H2SO4)m⚫Base⚫(H2O)6 Clusters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130, 14144–14147, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja8019774, 2008. 
Andreae, M. O., Rosenfeld, D., Artaxo, P., Costa, A. A., Frank, G. P., Longo, K. M., and Silva-Dias, M. A. F.: Smoking rain clouds over the Amazon, Science, 303, 1337–1342, 2004. 
Blower, P. G., Ota, S. T., Valley, N. A., Wood, S. R., and Richmond, G. L.: Sink or Surf: Atmospheric Implications for Succinic Acid at Aqueous Surfaces, J. Phys. Chem., 117, 7887–7903, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp405067y, 2013. 
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We have investigated the molecular interactions between succinic acid and sulfuric acid–base clusters in the presence of hydration, including ammonia and dimethylamine. Our results indicate that the multicomponent nucleation involving organic acids, sulfuric acid, and base species promotes new particle formation in the atmosphere, particularly under polluted conditions.
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