Articles | Volume 19, issue 10
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 7019–7053, 2019

Special issue: Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 7019–7053, 2019

Research article 24 May 2019

Research article | 24 May 2019

Effects of ship emissions on air quality in the Baltic Sea region simulated with three different chemistry transport models

Matthias Karl et al.

Related authors

The impact of nitrogen and sulphur emissions from shipping on exceedances of critical loads in the Baltic Sea region
Sara Jutterström, Filip Moldan, Jana Moldanová, Matthias Karl, Volker Matthias, and Maximilian Posch
Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,,, 2021
Preprint under review for ACP
Short summary
The urban dispersion model EPISODE v10.0 – Part 1: An Eulerian and sub-grid-scale air quality model and its application in Nordic winter conditions
Paul D. Hamer, Sam-Erik Walker, Gabriela Sousa-Santos, Matthias Vogt, Dam Vo-Thanh, Susana Lopez-Aparicio, Philipp Schneider, Martin O. P. Ramacher, and Matthias Karl
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 4323–4353,,, 2020
Short summary
The impact of ship emissions on air quality and human health in the Gothenburg area – Part II: Scenarios for 2040
Martin O. P. Ramacher, Lin Tang, Jana Moldanová, Volker Matthias, Matthias Karl, Erik Fridell, and Lasse Johansson
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 10667–10686,,, 2020
Short summary
The impact of ship emissions on air quality and human health in the Gothenburg area – Part 1: 2012 emissions
Lin Tang, Martin O. P. Ramacher, Jana Moldanová, Volker Matthias, Matthias Karl, Lasse Johansson, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Katarina Yaramenka, Armin Aulinger, and Malin Gustafsson
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 7509–7530,,, 2020
Short summary
Quantifying the contribution of shipping NOx emissions to the marine nitrogen inventory – a case study for the western Baltic Sea
Daniel Neumann, Matthias Karl, Hagen Radtke, Volker Matthias, René Friedland, and Thomas Neumann
Ocean Sci., 16, 115–134,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Gases | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Chemistry (chemical composition and reactions)
Comprehensive evaluations of diurnal NO2 measurements during DISCOVER-AQ 2011: effects of resolution-dependent representation of NOx emissions
Jianfeng Li, Yuhang Wang, Ruixiong Zhang, Charles Smeltzer, Andrew Weinheimer, Jay Herman, K. Folkert Boersma, Edward A. Celarier, Russell W. Long, James J. Szykman, Ruben Delgado, Anne M. Thompson, Travis N. Knepp, Lok N. Lamsal, Scott J. Janz, Matthew G. Kowalewski, Xiong Liu, and Caroline R. Nowlan
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 11133–11160,,, 2021
Short summary
Downscaling system for modeling of atmospheric composition on regional, urban and street scales
Roman Nuterman, Alexander Mahura, Alexander Baklanov, Bjarne Amstrup, and Ashraf Zakey
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 11099–11112,,, 2021
Short summary
Satellite soil moisture data assimilation impacts on modeling weather variables and ozone in the southeastern US – Part 1: An overview
Min Huang, James H. Crawford, Joshua P. DiGangi, Gregory R. Carmichael, Kevin W. Bowman, Sujay V. Kumar, and Xiwu Zhan
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 11013–11040,,, 2021
Short summary
Development of ozone reactivity scales for volatile organic compounds in a Chinese megacity
Yingnan Zhang, Likun Xue, William P. L. Carter, Chenglei Pei, Tianshu Chen, Jiangshan Mu, Yujun Wang, Qingzhu Zhang, and Wenxing Wang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 11053–11068,,, 2021
Short summary
Measured and modelled air quality trends in Italy over the period 2003–2010
Ilaria D'Elia, Gino Briganti, Lina Vitali, Antonio Piersanti, Gaia Righini, Massimo D'Isidoro, Andrea Cappelletti, Mihaela Mircea, Mario Adani, Gabriele Zanini, and Luisella Ciancarella
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 10825–10849,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Andersson, C. and Engardt, M.: European ozone in a future climate: Importance of changes in dry deposition and isoprene emissions, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 115, D02303,, 2010. a
Andersson-Sköld, Y. and Simpson, D.: Comparison of the chemical schemes of the EMEP MSC-W and the IVL photochemical trajectory models, Atmos. Environ., 33, 1111–1129, 1999. a
Angelbratt, J., Mellqvist, J., Simpson, D., Jonson, J. E., Blumenstock, T., Borsdorff, T., Duchatelet, P., Forster, F., Hase, F., Mahieu, E., De Mazière, M., Notholt, J., Petersen, A. K., Raffalski, U., Servais, C., Sussmann, R., Warneke, T., and Vigouroux, C.: Carbon monoxide (CO) and ethane (C2H6) trends from ground-based solar FTIR measurements at six European stations, comparison and sensitivity analysis with the EMEP model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9253–9269,, 2011. a
Antturi, J., Hänninen, O., Jalkanen, J.-P., Johansson, L., Prank, M., Sofiev, M., and Ollikainen, M.: Costs and benefits of low-sulphur fuel standard for Baltic Sea shipping, J. Environ. Manage., 184, 431–440, 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.064, 2016. a, b, c
Amann, M., Borken-Kleefeld, J., Cofala, J., Heyes, C., Klimont, Z., Rafaj, P., Purohit, P., Schoepp, W. and Winiwarter, W.: Future emissions of air pollutants in Europe – Current legislation baseline and the scope for further reductions, TSAP Report #1, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, 2012. a
Short summary
The effect of ship emissions on the regional air quality in the Baltic Sea region was investigated with three regional chemistry transport model systems. The ship influence on air quality is shown to depend on the boundary conditions, meteorological data and aerosol formation and deposition schemes that are used in these models. The study provides a reliable approach for the evaluation of policy options regarding emission regulations for ship traffic in the Baltic Sea.
Final-revised paper