Articles | Volume 18, issue 11
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-8041-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-8041-2018
Research article
 | 
07 Jun 2018
Research article |  | 07 Jun 2018

Modelling of the urban concentrations of PM2.5 on a high resolution for a period of 35 years, for the assessment of lifetime exposure and health effects

Jaakko Kukkonen, Leena Kangas, Mari Kauhaniemi, Mikhail Sofiev, Mia Aarnio, Jouni J. K. Jaakkola, Anu Kousa, and Ari Karppinen

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Cited articles

Aarnio, M. A., Kukkonen, J., Kangas, L., Kauhaniemi, M., Kousa, A., Hendriks, C., Yli-Tuomi, T., Lanki, T., Hoek, G., Brunekreef, B., Elolähde, T., and Karppinen, A.: Modelling of particulate matter concentrations and source contributions in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area in 2008 and 2010, Boreal Env. Res., 21, 445–460, 2016. 
AEA: Guidelines to Defra/DECC's GHG Conversion Factors for company Reporting, Produced by AEA for the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), 2009. 
Anttila, P. and Tuovinen, J.-P.: Trends of primary and secondary pollutant concentrations in Finland in 1994–2007, Atmos. Environ., 44, 30–41, 2010. 
Astitha, M., Luo, H., Rao, S. T., Hogrefe, C., Mathur, R., and Kumar, N.: Dynamic evaluation of two decades of WRF-CMAQ ozone simulations over the contiguous United States, Atmos. Environ., 164, 102–116, 2017. 
Cho, S. H., Richmond-Bryant, J., Thornburg, J., Portzer, J., Vanderpool, R., Cavender, K., and Rice, J.: A literature review of concentrations and size distributions of ambient airborne Pb-containing particulate matter, Atmos. Environ., 45, 5005–5015, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.05.009, 2011. 
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Short summary
We have quantified the emissions and concentrations of fine particulate matter in the Helsinki area for an unprecedentedly extensive period, from 1980 to 2014. The modelled concentrations agree well with the measured data. The concentrations of fine particles have decreased drastically since the 1980s, to about a half of the highest values. The results make it possible to evaluate the long-term health impacts of air pollution substantially better.
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