Articles | Volume 19, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-3207-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-3207-2019
Research article
 | 
12 Mar 2019
Research article |  | 12 Mar 2019

Long-term lidar observations of the gravity wave activity near the mesopause at Arecibo

Xianchang Yue, Jonathan S. Friedman, Qihou Zhou, Xiongbin Wu, and Jens Lautenbach

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This preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).
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Subject: Dynamics | Research Activity: Remote Sensing | Altitude Range: Mesosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Baumgarten, G., Fiedler, J., Hildebrand, J., and Lübken, F.-J.: Inertia gravity wave in the stratosphere and mesosphere observed by Doppler wind and temperature lidar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 10929–10936, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL066991, 2015. 
Baumgarten, K., Gerding, M., and Lübken, F.-J.: Seasonal variation of gravity wave parameters using different filter methods with daylight lidar measurements at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 122, 2683–2695, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025916, 2017. 
Baumgarten, K., Gerding, M., Baumgarten, G., and Lübken, F.-J.: Temporal variability of tidal and gravity waves during a record long 10-day continuous lidar sounding, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 371–384, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-371-2018, 2018. 
Cai, X., Yuan, T., Zhao, Y., Pautet, P. D., Taylor, M. J., and Pendleton Jr., W. R.: A coordinated investigation of the gravity wave breaking and the associated dynamical instability by a Na lidar and an Advanced Mesosphere Temperature Mapper over Logan, UT (41.7 N, 111.8 W), J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 119, 6852–6864, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JA020131, 2014. 
Chane-Ming, F., Molinaro, F., Leveau, J., Keckhut, P., and Hauchecorne, A.: Analysis of gravity waves in the tropical middle atmosphere over La Reunion Island (21 S, 55 E) with lidar using wavelet techniques, Ann. Geophys., 18, 485–498, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-000-0485-0, 2000. 
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Using 11 years of lidar temperature data, the seasonal variations (SVs) of gravity waves (GWs) are addressed in the tropical mesopause region, shown to be clearly associated with the SVs of zonal winds reported in the literature. The SVs of GWs are determined by the filtering effect of the local background wind. The altitudes of GW potential energy have a close relation to the upper mesospheric temperature inversion layers (TILs), which provides support for the formation mechanism of TILs.
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