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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 17, issue 11
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 6779–6795, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: East Asia emissions assessment (EA2)

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 6779–6795, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Jun 2017

Research article | 09 Jun 2017

Measurement of PM and its chemical composition in real-world emissions from non-road and on-road diesel vehicles

Min Cui et al.

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Adar, S. D., D'Souza, J., Sheppard, L., Kaufman, J. D., Hallstrand, T. S., Davey, M. E., Sullivan, J. R., Jahnke, J., Koenig, J., Larson, T. V., and Liu, L. J. S.: Adopting clean fuels and technologies on school buses. pollution and health impacts in children, Am. J. Resp. Crit. Care., 191, 1413–1421, 2015.
Aggarwal, P. and Jain, S.: Impact of air pollutants from surface transport sources on human health: a modeling and epidemiological approach, Environ. Int., 83, 146–157, 2015.
Almeida, S. M., Pio, C. A., Freitas, M. C., Reis, M. A., and Trancoso, M. A.: Approaching PM2. 5 and PM2. 5 − 10 source apportionment by mass balance analysis, principal component analysis and particle size distribution, Sci. Total Environ., 368, 663–674, 2006.
Alves, C. A., Barbosa, C., Rocha, S., Calvo, A., Nunes, T., Cerqueira, M., Pio, C., Karanasiou, A., and Querol, X.: Elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in exhaust particles emitted by light-duty vehicles, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 22, 11526–11542, 2015a.
Alves, C. A., Lopes, D. J., Calvo, A. I., Evtyugina, M., Rocha, S., and Nunes, T.: Emissions from light-duty diesel and gasoline in-use vehicles measured on chassis dynamometer test cycles, Aerosol Air Qual. Res., 15, 99–116, 2015b.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
PM emitted from diesel vehicles has a severe impact on air quality and human health. However, characteristics of PM from diesel vehicles, particularly measured under real-world condition, are scarce. In this study, 6 excavators and 5 trucks were tested to characterize constituents of PM. PM emission factor (EFPM) and compositions were affected by fuel quality, operating modes and emission standards. Moreover, EFPM and risk of carcinogenic for excavators were 1.7 and 31 fold of those for trucks.
PM emitted from diesel vehicles has a severe impact on air quality and human health. However,...
Final-revised paper