Articles | Volume 16, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3311–3325, 2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3311–3325, 2016

Research article 14 Mar 2016

Research article | 14 Mar 2016

Polar stratospheric cloud evolution and chlorine activation measured by CALIPSO and MLS, and modeled by ATLAS

Hideaki Nakajima et al.

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Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Remote Sensing | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Chemistry (chemical composition and reactions)
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Cited articles

Biermann, U. M., Presper, T., Koop, T., Mößinger, J., Crutzen, P. J., and Peter, T.: The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1693–1696, 1996.
Carslaw, K. S., Luo, B. P., Clegg, S. L., Peter, T., Brimblecombe, P., and Crutzen, P. J.: Stratospheric aerosol growth and HNO3 gas phase depletion from coupled HNO3 and water uptake by liquid particles, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2479–2482, 1994.
Carslaw, K. S., Peter, T., and Müller, R.: Uncertainties in reactive uptake coefficients for solid stratospheric particles – 2. Effect on ozone depletion, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1747–1750, 1997.
Crutzen, P. J. and Arnold, F.: Nitric acid cloud formation in the cold Antarctic stratosphere: a major cause for the springtime “ozone hole”, Nature, 324, 651–655, 1986.
Short summary
This paper presents the first trial of analyzing amount of chlorine activation on different PSC compositions by using match analysis on trajectories initiated from PSC locations identified by CALIPSO/CALIOP measurements. The measured minor species such as HCl and ClO by MLS are compared with ATLAS chemistry-transport model (CTM) results. PSC growth to NAT, NAT/STS mixture, and ice were identified by different temperature decrease histories on trajectories.
Final-revised paper