Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2463–2472, 2015
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2463–2472, 2015

Research article 05 Mar 2015

Research article | 05 Mar 2015

First quasi-Lagrangian in situ measurements of Antarctic Polar springtime ozone: observed ozone loss rates from the Concordiasi long-duration balloon campaign

R. Schofield1,2, L. M. Avallone3,4, L. E. Kalnajs3, A. Hertzog5, I. Wohltmann6, and M. Rex6 R. Schofield et al.
  • 1School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
  • 2ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, University of New South Wales, Australia
  • 3Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
  • 4National Science Foundation, Washington, USA
  • 5Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Palaiseau, France
  • 6Alfred Wegener Institute, Potsdam, Germany

Abstract. We present ozone measurements made using state-of-the-art ultraviolet photometers onboard three long-duration stratospheric balloons launched as part of the Concordiasi campaign in austral spring 2010. Ozone loss rates calculated by matching air parcels sampled at different times and places during the polar spring are in agreement with rates previously derived from ozonesonde measurements, for the vortex average, ranging between 2 and 7 ppbv per sunlit hour or between 25 and 110 ppbv per day. However, the geographical coverage of these long-duration stratospheric balloon platforms provides new insights into the temporal and spatial patterns of ozone loss over Antarctica. Very large ozone loss rates of up to 230 ppbv per day (16 ppbv per sunlit hour) are observed for air masses that are downwind of the Antarctic Peninsula and/or over the East Antarctic region. The ozone loss rate maximum downstream of the Antarctic Peninsula region is consistent with high PSC occurrence from CALIPSO and large ClO abundances from MLS satellite observations for 12–22 September 2010, and with a chemical box model simulation using JPL 2011 kinetics with full chlorine activation.

Short summary
Ozone measurements onboard three Concordiasi balloons flown in the stratosphere in the Antarctic spring of 2010 are presented. These measurements are the first long-duration in situ measurements of Antarctic springtime stratospheric ozone. By matching air parcels, ozone loss rates where derived. Downwind of the Antarctic Peninsula, very large ozone losses of up to 230 ppb per day or 16 ppbv per sunlit hour were observed. These high rates are consistent with almost complete chlorine activation.
Final-revised paper