Articles | Volume 16, issue 21
Research article
11 Nov 2016
Research article |  | 11 Nov 2016

Is global dimming and brightening in Japan limited to urban areas?

Katsumasa Tanaka, Atsumu Ohmura, Doris Folini, Martin Wild, and Nozomu Ohkawara

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Cited articles

Akimoto, H.: Global Air Quality and Pollution, Science, 302, 1716–1719,, 2003.
Allen, R. J., Norris, J. R., and Wild, M.: Evaluation of multidecadal variability in CMIP5 surface solar radiation and inferred underestimation of aerosol direct effects over Europe, China, Japan, and India, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 6311–6336,, 2013.
Alpert, P. and Kishcha, P.: Quantification of the effect of urbanization on solar dimming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L08801,, 2008.
Alpert, P., Kishcha, P., Kaufman, Y. J., and Schwarzbard, R.: Global dimming or local dimming?: Effect of urbanization on sunlight availability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L17802,, 2005.
Andres, R. J., Boden, T. A., Bréon, F.-M., Ciais, P., Davis, S., Erickson, D., Gregg, J. S., Jacobson, A., Marland, G., Miller, J., Oda, T., Olivier, J. G. J., Raupach, M. R., Rayner, P., and Treanton, K.: A synthesis of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuel combustion, Biogeosciences, 9, 1845–1871,, 2012.
Short summary
Surface solar radiation observed in Japan generally shows a strong decline until the end of the 1980s and then a recovery up until around 2000. A substantial number of measurement stations are located close to populated areas and are speculated to have been influenced by air pollution. However, data obtained at 14 meteorological observatories suggest that the large decadal variations in surface solar radiation occur on a large scale and not limited to urban areas.
Final-revised paper