Articles | Volume 22, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 1311–1331, 2022
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 1311–1331, 2022
Research article
26 Jan 2022
Research article | 26 Jan 2022

Modelling changes in secondary inorganic aerosol formation and nitrogen deposition in Europe from 2005 to 2030

Jan Eiof Jonson et al.

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Cited articles

Aksoyoglu, S., Jiang, J., Ciarelli, G., Baltensperger, U., and Prévôt, A. S. H.: Role of ammonia in European air quality with changing land and ship emissions between 1990 and 2030, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15665–15680,, 2020. a, b
Backes, A. M., Aulinger, A., Bieser, J., Matthias, V., and Quante, M.: Ammonia emissions in Europe, part II: How ammonia emission abatement strategies affect secondary aerosols, Atmos. Environ., 126, 153–161,, 2016. a
Binkowski, F. and Shankar, U.: The Regional Particulate Matter Model .1. Model description and preliminary results, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 26191–26209, 1995. a
CLRTAP: Chapter V of Manual on methodologies and criteria for modelling and mapping critical loads and levels and air pollution effects, risks and trends., Tech. rep., UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, available at: (last access: 14 December 2021), 2017. a, b
Colette, A., Granier, C., Hodnebrog, Ø., Jakobs, H., Maurizi, A., Nyiri, A., Bessagnet, B., D'Angiola, A., D'Isidoro, M., Gauss, M., Meleux, F., Memmesheimer, M., Mieville, A., Rouïl, L., Russo, F., Solberg, S., Stordal, F., and Tampieri, F.: Air quality trends in Europe over the past decade: a first multi-model assessment, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 11657–11678,, 2011. a
Short summary
Ammonia emissions are expected to decrease less than SOx and NOx emissions between 2005 and 2030. As the formation of PM2.5 particles from ammonia depends on the ratio between ammonia on one hand and sulfate (from SOx) and HNO3 (from NOx) on the other hand, the efficiency of particle formation from ammonia is decreasing. Depositions of reduced nitrogen are decreasing much less than oxidized nitrogen. The critical loads for nitrogen deposition will also be exceeded in much of Europe in 2030.
Final-revised paper