Articles | Volume 22, issue 2
Research article
26 Jan 2022
Research article |  | 26 Jan 2022

Modelling changes in secondary inorganic aerosol formation and nitrogen deposition in Europe from 2005 to 2030

Jan Eiof Jonson, Hilde Fagerli, Thomas Scheuschner, and Svetlana Tsyro

Related authors

Effects of global ship emissions on European air pollution levels
Jan Eiof Jonson, Michael Gauss, Michael Schulz, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, and Hilde Fagerli
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 11399–11422,,, 2020
Short summary
Effects of strengthening the Baltic Sea ECA regulations
Jan Eiof Jonson, Michael Gauss, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, and Lasse Johansson
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 13469–13487,,, 2019
Short summary
Long-range transport impacts on surface aerosol concentrations and the contributions to haze events in China: an HTAP2 multi-model study
Xinyi Dong, Joshua S. Fu, Qingzhao Zhu, Jian Sun, Jiani Tan, Terry Keating, Takashi Sekiya, Kengo Sudo, Louisa Emmons, Simone Tilmes, Jan Eiof Jonson, Michael Schulz, Huisheng Bian, Mian Chin, Yanko Davila, Daven Henze, Toshihiko Takemura, Anna Maria Katarina Benedictow, and Kan Huang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 15581–15600,,, 2018
Short summary
The effects of intercontinental emission sources on European air pollution levels
Jan Eiof Jonson, Michael Schulz, Louisa Emmons, Johannes Flemming, Daven Henze, Kengo Sudo, Marianne Tronstad Lund, Meiyun Lin, Anna Benedictow, Brigitte Koffi, Frank Dentener, Terry Keating, Rigel Kivi, and Yanko Davila
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 13655–13672,,, 2018
Short summary
HTAP2 multi-model estimates of premature human mortality due to intercontinental transport of air pollution and emission sectors
Ciao-Kai Liang, J. Jason West, Raquel A. Silva, Huisheng Bian, Mian Chin, Yanko Davila, Frank J. Dentener, Louisa Emmons, Johannes Flemming, Gerd Folberth, Daven Henze, Ulas Im, Jan Eiof Jonson, Terry J. Keating, Tom Kucsera, Allen Lenzen, Meiyun Lin, Marianne Tronstad Lund, Xiaohua Pan, Rokjin J. Park, R. Bradley Pierce, Takashi Sekiya, Kengo Sudo, and Toshihiko Takemura
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 10497–10520,,, 2018
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling and Data Analysis | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Chemistry (chemical composition and reactions)
Contribution of intermediate-volatility organic compounds from on-road transport to secondary organic aerosol levels in Europe
Stella E. I. Manavi and Spyros N. Pandis
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 891–909,,, 2024
Short summary
Development of an integrated model framework for multi-air-pollutant exposure assessments in high-density cities
Zhiyuan Li, Kin-Fai Ho, Harry Fung Lee, and Steve Hung Lam Yim
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 649–661,,, 2024
Short summary
CAMx–UNIPAR simulation of secondary organic aerosol mass formed from multiphase reactions of hydrocarbons under the Central Valley urban atmospheres of California
Yujin Jo, Myoseon Jang, Sanghee Han, Azad Madhu, Bonyoung Koo, Yiqin Jia, Zechen Yu, Soontae Kim, and Jinsoo Park
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 487–508,,, 2024
Short summary
Impact of urbanization on fine particulate matter concentrations over central Europe
Peter Huszar, Alvaro Patricio Prieto Perez​​​​​​​, Lukáš Bartík, Jan Karlický, and Anahi Villalba-Pradas
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 397–425,,, 2024
Short summary
Measurement report: Assessing the impacts of emission uncertainty on aerosol optical properties and radiative forcing from biomass burning in peninsular Southeast Asia
Yinbao Jin, Yiming Liu, Xiao Lu, Xiaoyang Chen, Ao Shen, Haofan Wang, Yinping Cui, Yifei Xu, Siting Li, Jian Liu, Ming Zhang, Yingying Ma, and Qi Fan
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 367–395,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Aksoyoglu, S., Jiang, J., Ciarelli, G., Baltensperger, U., and Prévôt, A. S. H.: Role of ammonia in European air quality with changing land and ship emissions between 1990 and 2030, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15665–15680,, 2020. a, b
Backes, A. M., Aulinger, A., Bieser, J., Matthias, V., and Quante, M.: Ammonia emissions in Europe, part II: How ammonia emission abatement strategies affect secondary aerosols, Atmos. Environ., 126, 153–161,, 2016. a
Binkowski, F. and Shankar, U.: The Regional Particulate Matter Model .1. Model description and preliminary results, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 26191–26209, 1995. a
CLRTAP: Chapter V of Manual on methodologies and criteria for modelling and mapping critical loads and levels and air pollution effects, risks and trends., Tech. rep., UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, available at: (last access: 14 December 2021), 2017. a, b
Colette, A., Granier, C., Hodnebrog, Ø., Jakobs, H., Maurizi, A., Nyiri, A., Bessagnet, B., D'Angiola, A., D'Isidoro, M., Gauss, M., Meleux, F., Memmesheimer, M., Mieville, A., Rouïl, L., Russo, F., Solberg, S., Stordal, F., and Tampieri, F.: Air quality trends in Europe over the past decade: a first multi-model assessment, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 11657–11678,, 2011. a
Short summary
Ammonia emissions are expected to decrease less than SOx and NOx emissions between 2005 and 2030. As the formation of PM2.5 particles from ammonia depends on the ratio between ammonia on one hand and sulfate (from SOx) and HNO3 (from NOx) on the other hand, the efficiency of particle formation from ammonia is decreasing. Depositions of reduced nitrogen are decreasing much less than oxidized nitrogen. The critical loads for nitrogen deposition will also be exceeded in much of Europe in 2030.
Final-revised paper