Articles | Volume 22, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 3379–3389, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-3379-2022
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 3379–3389, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-3379-2022
Research article
14 Mar 2022
Research article | 14 Mar 2022

Lightning activity in northern Europe during a stormy winter: disruptions of weather patterns originating in global climate phenomena

Ivana Kolmašová et al.

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The 2014–2015 winter brought an enormous number of lightning strokes to northern Europe, about 4 times more than their long-term median over the last decade. This unusual production of lightning, concentrated above the ocean and along the western coastal areas, was probably due to a combination of large-scale climatic events like El Niño and the North Atlantic Oscillation, causing increased sea surface temperatures and updraft strengths, which acted as additional thundercloud-charging drivers.
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