Articles | Volume 18, issue 9
Research article
04 May 2018
Research article |  | 04 May 2018

The absorption Ångström exponent of black carbon: from numerical aspects

Chao Liu, Chul Eddy Chung, Yan Yin, and Martin Schnaiter

Related authors

An observation-constrained estimation of brown carbon aerosol direct radiative effects
Yueyue Cheng, Chao Liu, Jiandong Wang, Jiaping Wang, Dafeng Ge, Caijun Zhu, Jinbo Wang, and Aijun Ding
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
High-resolution typhoon precipitation integrations using satellite infrared observations and multisource data
You Zhao, Chao Liu, Di Di, Ziqiang Ma, and Shihao Tang
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 2791–2805,,, 2022
Short summary
The pathway of impacts of aerosol direct effects on secondary inorganic aerosol formation
Jiandong Wang, Jia Xing, Shuxiao Wang, Rohit Mathur, Jiaping Wang, Yuqiang Zhang, Chao Liu, Jonathan Pleim, Dian Ding, Xing Chang, Jingkun Jiang, Peng Zhao, Shovan Kumar Sahu, Yuzhi Jin, David C. Wong, and Jiming Hao
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 5147–5156,,, 2022
Short summary
A high-resolution monitoring approach of canopy urban heat island using a random forest model and multi-platform observations
Shihan Chen, Yuanjian Yang, Fei Deng, Yanhao Zhang, Duanyang Liu, Chao Liu, and Zhiqiu Gao
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 735–756,,, 2022
Short summary
Leveraging machine learning for quantitative precipitation estimation from Fengyun-4 geostationary observations and ground meteorological measurements
Xinyan Li, Yuanjian Yang, Jiaqin Mi, Xueyan Bi, You Zhao, Zehao Huang, Chao Liu, Lian Zong, and Wanju Li
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 7007–7023,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling and Data Analysis | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
Expanding the simulation of East Asian super dust storms: physical transport mechanisms impacting the western Pacific
Steven Soon-Kai Kong, Saginela Ravindra Babu, Sheng-Hsiang Wang, Stephen M. Griffith, Jackson Hian-Wui Chang, Ming-Tung Chuang, Guey-Rong Sheu, and Neng-Huei Lin
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 1041–1058,,, 2024
Short summary
Improving 3-day deterministic air pollution forecasts using machine learning algorithms
Zhiguo Zhang, Christer Johansson, Magnuz Engardt, Massimo Stafoggia, and Xiaoliang Ma
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 807–851,,, 2024
Short summary
Opinion: The importance of historical and paleoclimate aerosol radiative effects
Natalie M. Mahowald, Longlei Li, Samuel Albani, Douglas S. Hamilton, and Jasper F. Kok
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 533–551,,, 2024
Short summary
Assessing the assimilation of Himawari-8 observations on aerosol forecasts and radiative effects during pollution transport from South Asia to the Tibetan Plateau
Min Zhao, Tie Dai, Daisuke Goto, Hao Wang, and Guangyu Shi
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 235–258,,, 2024
Short summary
Aerosol–meteorology feedback diminishes the transboundary transport of black carbon into the Tibetan Plateau
Yuling Hu, Haipeng Yu, Shichang Kang, Junhua Yang, Mukesh Rai, Xiufeng Yin, Xintong Chen, and Pengfei Chen
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 85–107,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Alexander, D. T. L., Crozier, P. A., and Anderson, J. R.: Brown carbon spheres in East Asian outflow and their optical properties, Science, 321, 833–836, 2008. 
Ångström, A.: On the atmospheric transmission of sun radiation and on dust in the air, I, II, Geogr. Ann., 11, 156–166, 1929. 
Arnott, W. P., Hamasha, K., Moosmüller, H., Sheridan, P. J., and Ogren, J. A.: Towards aerosol light-absorption measurements with a 7-wavelength aethalometer: Evaluation with a photoacoustic instrument and 3-wavelength nephelometer, Aerosol Sci. Tech., 39, 17–29, 2005. 
Bahadur, R., Praveen, P. S., Xu, Y., and Ramanathan, V.: Solar absorption by elemental and brown carbon determined from spectral observations, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 109, 17366–17371, 2012. 
Bergstrom, R. W., Russell, P. B., and Hignett, P.: Wavelength dependence of the absorption of black carbon particles: Predictions and results from the TARFOX experiment and implications for the aerosol single scattering albedo, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 567–577, 2002. 
Short summary
The absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) of black carbon (BC) is widely accepted to be 1.0, although observational estimates give a quite wide range of 0.6–1.1. This study investigates BC AAE numerically using realistic particle properties and accurate numerical models. The significantly influence of BC microphysical properties on BC AAE is revealed by simple linear formulas, and the widely accepted BC AAE value of 1.0 is not correct for even small BC with wavelength-independent refractive index.
Final-revised paper