Articles | Volume 23, issue 15
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-8591-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-8591-2023
Research article
 | 
04 Aug 2023
Research article |  | 04 Aug 2023

Insights of warm-cloud biases in Community Atmospheric Model 5 and 6 from the single-column modeling framework and Aerosol and Cloud Experiments in the Eastern North Atlantic (ACE-ENA) observations

Yuan Wang, Xiaojian Zheng, Xiquan Dong, Baike Xi, and Yuk L. Yung

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Cited articles

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Data Center: Aircraft and ground observation, ARM [data set], https://adc.arm.gov/discovery/#/results/site_code::ena (last access: 1 July 2022), 2020. 
Bogenschutz, P. A., Gettelman, A., Morrison, H., Larson, V. E., Craig, C., and Schanen, D. P.: Higher-Order Turbulence Closure and Its Impact on Climate Simulations in the Community Atmosphere Model, J. Climate, 26, 9655–9676, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00075.1, 2013. 
Dong, X., Wu, P., Wang, Y., Xi, B., and Huang, Y.: New Observational Constraints on Warm Rain Processes and Their Climate Implications, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2020GL091836, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL091836, 2021. 
Dong, X., Zheng, X., Xi, B., and Xie, S.: A climatology of mid-latitude maritime cloud fraction and radiative effect derived from the ARM ENA ground-based observations, J. Climate, 36, 531–546, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-22-0290.1, 2022. 
Gettelman, A. and Morrison, H.: Advanced Two-Moment Bulk Microphysics for Global Models. Part I: Off-Line Tests and Comparison with Other Schemes, J. Climate, 28, 1268–1287, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00102.1, 2015. 
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Marine boundary layer clouds remain poorly predicted in global climate models due to multiple entangled uncertainty sources. This study uses the in situ observations from a recent field campaign to constrain and evaluate cloud physics in a simplified version of a climate model. Progress and remaining issues in the cloud physics parameterizations are identified. We systematically evaluate the impacts of large-scale forcing, microphysical scheme, and aerosol concentrations on the cloud property.
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