Articles | Volume 23, issue 20
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13505-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13505-2023
Research article
 | 
25 Oct 2023
Research article |  | 25 Oct 2023

Fragmentation of ice particles: laboratory experiments on graupel–graupel and graupel–snowflake collisions

Pierre Grzegorczyk, Sudha Yadav, Florian Zanger, Alexander Theis, Subir K. Mitra, Stephan Borrmann, and Miklós Szakáll

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Short summary
Secondary ice production generates high concentrations of ice crystals in clouds. These processes have been poorly understood. We conducted experiments at the wind tunnel laboratory of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, on graupel–graupel and graupel–snowflake collisions. From these experiments fragment number, size, cross-sectional area, and aspect ratio were determined.
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