Articles | Volume 23, issue 20
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13505-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13505-2023
Research article
 | 
25 Oct 2023
Research article |  | 25 Oct 2023

Fragmentation of ice particles: laboratory experiments on graupel–graupel and graupel–snowflake collisions

Pierre Grzegorczyk, Sudha Yadav, Florian Zanger, Alexander Theis, Subir K. Mitra, Stephan Borrmann, and Miklós Szakáll

Viewed

Total article views: 1,460 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
1,104 302 54 1,460 49 39 34
  • HTML: 1,104
  • PDF: 302
  • XML: 54
  • Total: 1,460
  • Supplement: 49
  • BibTeX: 39
  • EndNote: 34
Views and downloads (calculated since 06 Jun 2023)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 06 Jun 2023)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 1,460 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 1,418 with geography defined and 42 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 14 Jun 2024
Download

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
Secondary ice production generates high concentrations of ice crystals in clouds. These processes have been poorly understood. We conducted experiments at the wind tunnel laboratory of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, on graupel–graupel and graupel–snowflake collisions. From these experiments fragment number, size, cross-sectional area, and aspect ratio were determined.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint