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ACP | Articles | Volume 19, issue 9
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6389–6399, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-6389-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6389–6399, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-6389-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 15 May 2019

Research article | 15 May 2019

Identification of jet lubrication oil as a major component of aircraft exhaust nanoparticles

Akihiro Fushimi et al.

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Agrawal, H., Malloy, Q. G. J., Welch, W. A., Miller, J. W., and Cocker, D. R.: In-use gaseous and particulate matter emissions from a modern ocean going container vessel, Atmos. Environ., 42, 5504–5510, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.02.053, 2008. 
Bae, M.-S., Schauer, J. J., and Turner, J. R.: Estimation of the Monthly Average Ratios of Organic Mass to Organic Carbon for Fine Particulate Matter at an Urban Site, Aerosol Sci. Tech., 40, 1123–1139, https://doi.org/10.1080/02786820601004085, 2006. 
Biswas, P. and Wu, C. Y.: Nanoparticles and the environment, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 55, 708–746, https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.2005.10464656, 2005. 
Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Pritchett, L. C., Pierson, W. R., Frazier, C. A., and Purcell, R. G.: The DRI thermal/optical reflectance carbon analysis system: description, evaluation and applications in US air quality studies, Atmos. Environ., 27, 1185–1201, https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-1686(93)90245-t, 1993. 
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Jet engine aircraft are significant sources of atmospheric nanoparticles. Using size-resolved particulate samples collected near a runway of the Narita International Airport, Japan, we clearly demonstrate for the first time that organic compounds in aircraft exhaust nanoparticles (diameter: < 30 nm) were dominated by nearly intact forms of jet engine lubrication oil. This finding has an implication for their environmental impacts near airports and in the upper troposphere.
Jet engine aircraft are significant sources of atmospheric nanoparticles. Using size-resolved...
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