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The paper aims to implement a specific strategy to target the aerosol due to ship emissions. PM10 is collected south and north of the main shipping route through the Mediterranean. Other than ions and metals the analysis is complemented with measurements of rare earth elements, trajectories from a high resolution regional model and actual observations of ship traffic. The combination of these approaches allows for unambiguous identification of the ship contribution (8–11 % of PM10) in this area.
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Articles | Volume 17, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 2067–2084, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-2067-2017

Special issue: CHemistry and AeRosols Mediterranean EXperiments (ChArMEx)...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 2067–2084, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-2067-2017

Research article 10 Feb 2017

Research article | 10 Feb 2017

Constraining the ship contribution to the aerosol of the central Mediterranean

Silvia Becagli et al.

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Agrawal, H., Malloy, Q. G. J., Welch, W. A., Miller, J. W., and Cocker, D. R.: In-use gaseous and particulate matter emissions from a modern ocean going container vessel, Atmos. Environ., 42, 5504–5510, 2008a.
Agrawal, H., Welch, W. A., Miller, J. W., and Cocker, D. R.: Emission measurements from a crude oil tanker at sea, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 7098–7103, 2008b.
Artuso, F., Chamard, P., Piacentino, S., Sferlazzo, D. M., De Silvestri, L., di Sarra, A., Meloni, D., and Monteleone, F.: nfluence of transport and trends in atmospheric CO2 at Lampedusa, Atmos. Environ., 43, 3044–3051, 2009.
Ault, A. P., Gaston, C. J., Wang, Y., Dominguez, G., Thiemens, M. H., and Prather, K. A.: Characterization of the single particle mixing state of individual ship plume events measured at the port of los Angeles, Environ. Sci. Technol., 44, 1954–1961, 2010.
Becagli, S., Sferlazzo, D. M., Pace, G., di Sarra, A., Bommarito, C., Calzolai, G., Ghedini, C., Lucarelli, F., Meloni, D., Monteleone, F., Severi, M., Traversi, R., and Udisti, R.: Evidence for heavy fuel oil combustion aerosols from chemical analyses at the island of Lampedusa: a possible large role of ships emissions in the Mediterranean, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3479–3492, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-3479-2012, 2012.
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Short summary
The paper aims to implement a specific strategy to target the aerosol due to ship emissions. PM10 is collected south and north of the main shipping route through the Mediterranean. Other than ions and metals the analysis is complemented with measurements of rare earth elements, trajectories from a high resolution regional model and actual observations of ship traffic. The combination of these approaches allows for unambiguous identification of the ship contribution (8–11 % of PM10) in this area.
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Final-revised paper
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