Articles | Volume 21, issue 10
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 7963–7981, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-7963-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 7963–7981, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-7963-2021

Research article 25 May 2021

Research article | 25 May 2021

SO2 and NH3 emissions enhance organosulfur compounds and fine particle formation from the photooxidation of a typical aromatic hydrocarbon

Zhaomin Yang et al.

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Apsokardu, M. J. and Johnston, M. V.: Nanoparticle growth by particle-phase chemistry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 1895–1907, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1895-2018, 2018. 
Babar, Z. B., Park, J.-H., and Lim, H.-J.: Influence of NH3 on secondary organic aerosols from the ozonolysis and photooxidation of α-pinene in a flow reactor, Atmos. Environ., 164, 71–84, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.034, 2017. 
Bell, D. M., Imre, D., S, T. M., and Zelenyuk, A.: The properties and behavior of alpha-pinene secondary organic aerosol particles exposed to ammonia under dry conditions, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 19, 6497–6507, https://doi.org/10.1039/c6cp08839b, 2017. 
Blair, S. L., MacMillan, A. C., Drozd, G. T., Goldstein, A. H., Chu, R. K., Pasa-Tolic, L., Shaw, J. B., Tolic, N., Lin, P., Laskin, J., Laskin, A., and Nizkorodov, S. A.: Molecular characterization of organosulfur compounds in biodiesel and diesel fuel secondary organic aerosol, Environ. Sci. Technol., 51, 119–127, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b03304, 2017. 
Boris, A. J., Lee, T., Park, T., Choi, J., Seo, S. J., and Collett Jr., J. L.: Fog composition at Baengnyeong Island in the eastern Yellow Sea: detecting markers of aqueous atmospheric oxidations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 437–453, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-437-2016, 2016. 
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The promotion effects of SO2 and NH3 on particle and organosulfur compound formation from 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (TMB) photooxidation were observed for the first time. The enhanced organosulfur compounds included hitherto unidentified aromatic sulfonates and organosulfates (OSs). OSs were produced via acid-driven heterogeneous chemistry of hydroperoxides. The production of organosulfur compounds might provide a new pathway for the fate of TMB in regions with considerable SO2 emissions.
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