Articles | Volume 19, issue 22
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-14133-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-14133-2019
Research article
 | 
22 Nov 2019
Research article |  | 22 Nov 2019

The Elbrus (Caucasus, Russia) ice core record – Part 2: history of desert dust deposition

Stanislav Kutuzov, Michel Legrand, Susanne Preunkert, Patrick Ginot, Vladimir Mikhalenko, Karim Shukurov, Aleksei Poliukhov, and Pavel Toropov

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Cited articles

Achakulwisut, P., Mickley, L. J., and Anenberg, S. C.: Drought-sensitivity of fine dust in the US Southwest: Implications for air quality and public health under future climate change, Environ. Res. Lett., 13, 054025, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aabf20, 2018. 
Barlow, M., Zaitchik, B., Paz, S., Black, E., Evans, J., and Hoell, A.: A review of drought in the Middle East and southwest Asia, J. Clim., 29, 8547–8574, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00692.1, 2016. 
Bohleber, P., Erhardt, T., Spaulding, N., Hoffmann, H., Fischer, H., and Mayewski, P.: Temperature and mineral dust variability recorded in two low-accumulation Alpine ice cores over the last millennium, Clim. Past, 14, 21–37, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-21-2018, 2018. 
Breisinger, C., Zhu, T., Al Riffai, P., Nelson, G. C., Robertson, R., Funes, J., and Verner, D.: Global and Local Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Syria and Options for Adaptation, Food Policy, available at: http://www.ifpri.org/publication/ (last access: 8 November 2019), 2011. 
Short summary
Ice cores are one of the most valuable paleo-archives. Here we present analysis of the concentrations of calcium, recorded in ice core from the Caucasus over the past 240 years. We found a correlation between dust in ice and precipitation and soil moisture content in the Middle East and North Africa. The prominent increase in dust concentration in the ice core confirms that the recent droughts in the Fertile Crescent were most severe at least for the past two centuries.
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