Articles | Volume 16, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 739–758, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-739-2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 739–758, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-739-2016

Research article 22 Jan 2016

Research article | 22 Jan 2016

The impact of shipping emissions on air pollution in the greater North Sea region – Part 1: Current emissions and concentrations

A. Aulinger et al.

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Cited articles

Bieser, J., Aulinger, A., Matthias, V., Quante, M., and Builtjes, P.: SMOKE for Europe – adaptation, modification and evaluation of a comprehensive emission model for Europe, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 47–68, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-4-47-2011, 2011.
Brandt, J., Silver, J. D., Christensen, J. H., Andersen, M. S., Bønløkke, J. H., Sigsgaard, T., Geels, C., Gross, A., Hansen, A. B., Hansen, K. M., Hedegaard, G. B., Kaas, E., and Frohn, L. M.: Assessment of past, present and future health-cost externalities of air pollution in Europe and the contribution from international ship traffic using the EVA model system, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 7747–7764, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-7747-2013, 2013.
Byun, D. and Ching, J.: Science Algorithms of the EPA Models-3 Community Multiscale Air Quality Modeling System, Epa/600/r-99/030, US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Washington DC, 1999.
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A multi-model approach consisting of a bottom-up ship emissions model and a chemistry transport model was used to evaluate the impact of shipping on air quality in North Sea bordering countries. As an example, the results of the simulations indicated that the relative contribution of ships to NO2 concentration levels ashore close to the sea can reach up to 25 % in summer and 15 % in winter. Some hundred kilometers away from the sea, the contribution was about 6 % in summer and 4 % in winter.
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