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Coastal seas are sources of methane in the atmosphere and can fluctuate from emitting to absorbing carbon dioxide. Direct air–sea transport measurements of these two greenhouse gases in near shore regions remain scarce. From a recently established coastal atmospheric station on the south-west coast of the UK, we observed that the oceanic absorption of carbon dioxide peaked during the phytoplankton bloom, while methane emission varied with the tidal cycle, likely due to an estuary influence.
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Articles | Volume 16, issue 9
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 5745–5761, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-5745-2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 5745–5761, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-5745-2016

Research article 11 May 2016

Research article | 11 May 2016

Air–sea fluxes of CO2 and CH4 from the Penlee Point Atmospheric Observatory on the south-west coast of the UK

Mingxi Yang et al.

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Cited articles

Bange, H. W.: Nitrous oxide and methane in European coastal waters, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sc., 70, 361–374, 2006.
Bange, H. W., Bartell, U. H., Rapsomanikis, S., and Andreae, M. O.: Methane in the Baltic and North Seas and a reassessment of the marine emissions of methane, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 8, 465–480, 1994.
Bates, T. S., Kelly, K. C., Johnson, J. E., and Gammon, R. H.: A reevaluation of the open ocean source of methane to the atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 6953–6961, 1996.
Bell, T. G., De Bruyn, W., Miller, S. D., Ward, B., Christensen, K. H., and Saltzman, E. S.: Air–sea dimethylsulfide (DMS) gas transfer in the North Atlantic: evidence for limited interfacial gas exchange at high wind speed, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11073–11087, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-11073-2013, 2013.
Blomquist, B., Fairall, C. W., Huebert, B. J., Kieber, D., and Westby G.: DMS sea–air transfer velocity: Direct measurements by eddy covariance and parameterization based on the NOAA/COARE gas transfer model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L07601, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL025735, 2006.
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Short summary
Coastal seas are sources of methane in the atmosphere and can fluctuate from emitting to absorbing carbon dioxide. Direct air–sea transport measurements of these two greenhouse gases in near shore regions remain scarce. From a recently established coastal atmospheric station on the south-west coast of the UK, we observed that the oceanic absorption of carbon dioxide peaked during the phytoplankton bloom, while methane emission varied with the tidal cycle, likely due to an estuary influence.
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