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We show a possibility of measuring mean vertical winds during the summer months using polar mesosphere summer echo (PMSE) observations. Middle Atmosphere Alomar Radar System observations of PMSE five-beam radial velocities are analysed to obtain the results. We found that sampling issues are the reason for bias in vertical wind measurements at the edges of PMSE altitudes. However, the PMSE is a good tracer for the mean vertical wind estimation at the central altitudes with its peak occurrence.
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ACP | Articles | Volume 19, issue 7
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4485–4497, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-4485-2019

Special issue: Layered phenomena in the mesopause region (ACP/AMT inter-journal...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4485–4497, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-4485-2019

Research article 05 Apr 2019

Research article | 05 Apr 2019

Can VHF radars at polar latitudes measure mean vertical winds in the presence of PMSE?

Nikoloz Gudadze et al.

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Cited articles

Balsley, B. B. and Riddle, A. C.: Monthly Mean Values of the Mesospheric Wind Field over Poker Flat, Alaska, J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 2368–2380, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1984)041<2368:MMVOTM>2.0.CO;2, 1984. a, b, c, d
Baumgarten, G. and Fritts, D. C.: Quantifying Kelvin-Helmholtz instability dynamics observed in noctilucent clouds: 1. Methods and observations, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 119, 9324–9337, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JD021832, 2014. a
Becker, E.: Dynamical Control of the Middle Atmosphere, Space Sci. Rev., 168, 283–314, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-011-9841-5, 2012. a, b
Berger, U. and Lübken, F.-J.: Trends in mesospheric ice layers in the Northern Hemisphere during 1961–2013, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 120, 11277–11298, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD023355, 2015. a
Chau, J. L. and Kudeki, E.: First E- and D-region incoherent scatter spectra observed over Jicamarca, Ann. Geophys., 24, 1295–1303, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-24-1295-2006, 2006. a
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Short summary
We show a possibility of measuring mean vertical winds during the summer months using polar mesosphere summer echo (PMSE) observations. Middle Atmosphere Alomar Radar System observations of PMSE five-beam radial velocities are analysed to obtain the results. We found that sampling issues are the reason for bias in vertical wind measurements at the edges of PMSE altitudes. However, the PMSE is a good tracer for the mean vertical wind estimation at the central altitudes with its peak occurrence.
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