Articles | Volume 23, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-3133-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-3133-2023
Research article
 | 
10 Mar 2023
Research article |  | 10 Mar 2023

South Pole Station ozonesondes: variability and trends in the springtime Antarctic ozone hole 1986–2021

Bryan J. Johnson, Patrick Cullis, John Booth, Irina Petropavlovskikh, Glen McConville, Birgit Hassler, Gary A. Morris, Chance Sterling, and Samuel Oltmans

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Cited articles

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Anderson, J. G., Brune, W. H., and Proffitt, M. H.: Ozone destruction by chlorine radicals within the Antarctic vortex – the spatial and temporal evolution of ClO-O3 anticorrelation based on insitu ER-2 data, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 94, 11465–11479, https://doi.org/10.1029/JD094iD09p11465, 1989. 
Bègue, N., Shikwambana, L., Bencherif, H., Pallotta, J., Sivakumar, V., Wolfram, E., Mbatha, N., Orte, F., Du Preez, D. J., Ranaivombola, M., Piketh, S., and Formenti, P.: Statistical analysis of the long-range transport of the 2015 Calbuco volcanic plume from ground-based and space-borne observations, Ann. Geophys., 38, 395–420, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-395-2020, 2020. 
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Short summary
In 1986, soon after the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, NOAA began year-round ozonesonde observations at South Pole Station to measure vertical profiles of ozone and temperature from the surface to 35 km. Balloon-borne ozonesondes launched at this unique site allow for tracking all phases of the yearly springtime ozone hole beginning in late winter and after sunrise, when rapid ozone depletion begins over the South Pole throughout the month of September.
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