Articles | Volume 22, issue 19
Research article
11 Oct 2022
Research article |  | 11 Oct 2022

Dynamics of ENSO-driven stratosphere-to-troposphere transport of ozone over North America

John R. Albers, Amy H. Butler, Andrew O. Langford, Dillon Elsbury, and Melissa L. Breeden

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The monthly evolution of precipitation and warm conveyor belts during the central southwest Asia wet season
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Weather Clim. Dynam., 4, 963–980,,, 2023
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The response of the North Pacific jet and stratosphere-to-troposphere transport of ozone over western North America to RCP8.5 climate forcing
Dillon Elsbury, Amy H. Butler, John R. Albers, Melissa L. Breeden, and Andrew O'Neil Langford
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Subseasonal precipitation forecasts of opportunity over central southwest Asia
Melissa L. Breeden, John R. Albers, and Andrew Hoell
Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1183–1197,,, 2022
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Subseasonal prediction of springtime Pacific–North American transport using upper-level wind forecasts
John R. Albers, Amy H. Butler, Melissa L. Breeden, Andrew O. Langford, and George N. Kiladis
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The spring transition of the North Pacific jet and its relation to deep stratosphere-to-troposphere mass transport over western North America
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Subject: Dynamics | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling and Data Analysis | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Albers, J. R. and Nathan, T. R.: Pathways for communicating the effects of stratospheric ozone to the polar vortex: Role of zonally asymmetric ozone, J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 785–801,, 2012. 
Albers, J. R. and Newman, M.: A priori identification of skillful extratropical subseasonal forecasts, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 12527–12536,, 2019. 
Albers, J. R. and Newman, M.: Subseasonal predictability of the North Atlantic Oscillation, Environ. Res. Lett., 16, 044024,, 2021. 
Albers, J. R., Kiladis, G. N., Birner, T., and Dias, J.: Tropical Upper-Tropospheric Potential Vorticity Intrusions during Sudden Stratospheric Warmings, J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 2361–2384,, 2016. 
Albers, J. R., Perlwitz, J., Butler, A. H., Birner, T., Kiladis, G. N., Lawrence, Z. D., Manney, G. L., Langford, A. O., and Dias, J.: Mechanisms governing interannual variability of stratosphere-to-troposphere ozone transport, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 234–260,, 2018. 

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Short summary
Ozone transported from the stratosphere contributes to background ozone concentrations in the free troposphere and to surface ozone exceedance events that affect human health. The physical processes whereby the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) modulates North American stratosphere-to-troposphere ozone transport during spring are documented, and the usefulness of ENSO for predicting ozone events that may cause exceedances in surface air quality standards are assessed.
Final-revised paper