Articles | Volume 21, issue 8
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 6565–6591, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-6565-2021

Special issue: The Model Intercomparison Project on the climatic response...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 6565–6591, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-6565-2021
Research article
01 May 2021
Research article | 01 May 2021

The impact of volcanic eruptions of different magnitude on stratospheric water vapor in the tropics

Clarissa Alicia Kroll et al.

Related authors

ICON-Sapphire: simulating the components of the Earth System and their interactions at kilometer and subkilometer scales
Cathy Hohenegger, Peter Korn, Leonidas Linardakis, René Redler, Reiner Schnur, Panagiotis Adamidis, Jiawei Bao, Swantje Bastin, Milad Behravesh, Martin Bergemann, Joachim Biercamp, Hendryk Bockelmann, Renate Brokopf, Nils Brüggemann, Lucas Casaroli, Fatemeh Chegini, George Datseris, Monika Esch, Geet George, Marco Giorgetta, Oliver Gutjahr, Helmuth Haak, Moritz Hanke, Tatiana Ilyina, Thomas Jahns, Johann Jungclaus, Marcel Kern, Daniel Klocke, Lukas Kluft, Tobias Kölling, Luis Kornblueh, Sergey Kosukhin, Clarissa Kroll, Junhong Lee, Thorsten Mauritsen, Carolin Mehlmann, Theresa Mieslinger, Ann Kristin Naumann, Laura Paccini, Angel Peinado, Divya Sri Praturi, Dian Putrasahan, Sebastian Rast, Thomas Riddick, Niklas Roeber, Hauke Schmidt, Uwe Schulzweida, Florian Schütte, Hans Segura, Radomyra Shevchenko, Vikram Singh, Mia Specht, Claudia Christine Stephan, Jin-Song von Storch, Raphaela Vogel, Christian Wengel, Marius Winkler, Florian Ziemen, Jochem Marotzke, and Bjorn Stevens
Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2022-171,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2022-171, 2022
Revised manuscript under review for GMD
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Hydrosphere Interactions | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
Glacier evolution in high-mountain Asia under stratospheric sulfate aerosol injection geoengineering
Liyun Zhao, Yi Yang, Wei Cheng, Duoying Ji, and John C. Moore
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 6547–6564, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-6547-2017,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-6547-2017, 2017
Short summary
The climatic effects of the direct injection of water vapour into the stratosphere by large volcanic eruptions
M. M. Joshi and G. S. Jones
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6109–6118, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-9-6109-2009,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-9-6109-2009, 2009

Cited articles

Angell, J. K.: Stratospheric warming due to Agung, El Chichón, and Pinatubo taking into account the quasi-biennial oscillation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 102, 9479–9485, https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD03588, 1997. a
Azoulay, A., Schmidt, H., and Timmreck, C.: The Arctic polar vortex response to volcanic forcing of different strengths, J. Geophys. Res., submitted, further information available at: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8B38-E (last access: 20 November 2020), 2021 (primary data available at: https://pure.mpg.de/pubman/item/item_3270673_8/component/file_3314921/JGR-D_Azoulay-2021.tar.gz?mode=download, last access: 13 September 2019). a, b, c, d
Bekki, S.: Oxidation of volcanic SO2: A sink for stratospheric OH and H2O, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 913–916, https://doi.org/10.1029/95GL00534, 1995. a
Boucher, O., Kleinschmitt, C., and Myhre, G.: Quasi-Additivity of the Radiative Effects of Marine Cloud Brightening and Stratospheric Sulfate Aerosol Injection, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 11158–11165, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074647, 2017. a
Brewer, A. W.: Evidence for a world circulation provided by the measurements of helium and water vapour distribution in the stratosphere, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 75, 351–363, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49707532603, 1949. a
Download
Short summary
Volcanic forcing is counteracted by stratospheric water vapor (SWV) entering the stratosphere as a consequence of aerosol-induced cold-point warming. We find that depending on the emission strength, aerosol profile height and season of the eruption, up to 4 % of the tropical aerosol forcing can be counterbalanced. A power function relationship between cold-point warming/SWV forcing and AOD in the yearly average is found, allowing us to estimate the SWV forcing for comparable eruptions.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint