Articles | Volume 21, issue 17
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13425–13442, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-13425-2021

Special issue: The Model Intercomparison Project on the climatic response...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13425–13442, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-13425-2021

Research article 09 Sep 2021

Research article | 09 Sep 2021

Climate impact of volcanic eruptions: the sensitivity to eruption season and latitude in MPI-ESM ensemble experiments

Zhihong Zhuo et al.

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Cited articles

Adams, J. B., Mann, M. E., and Ammann, C. M.: Proxy evidence for an El Niño-like response to volcanic forcing, Nature, 426, 274–278, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02101, 2003. 
Ammann, C. M. and Naveau, P.: Statistical analysis of tropical explosive volcanism occurrences over the last 6 centuries, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1210, https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl016388, 2003. 
Aquila, V., Oman, L. D., Stolarski, R. S., Colarco, P. R., and Newman, P. A.: Dispersion of the volcanic sulfate cloud from a Mount Pinatubo-like eruption, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 117, D06216, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016968, 2012. 
Broccoli, A. J., Dahl, K. A., and Stouffer, R. J.: Response of the ITCZ to Northern Hemisphere cooling, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L01702, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl024546, 2006. 
Colose, C. M., LeGrande, A. N., and Vuille, M.: Hemispherically asymmetric volcanic forcing of tropical hydroclimate during the last millennium, Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 681–696, https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-681-2016, 2016. 
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The impact of volcanic eruptions varies with eruption season and latitude. This study simulated eruptions at different latitudes and in different seasons with a fully coupled climate model. The climate impacts of northern and southern hemispheric eruptions are reversed but are insensitive to eruption season. Results suggest that the regional climate impacts are due to the dynamical response of the climate system to radiative effects of volcanic aerosols and the subsequent regional feedbacks.
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