Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6381-2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6381-2016
Research article
 | 
25 May 2016
Research article |  | 25 May 2016

Bidirectional air–sea exchange and accumulation of POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs and PBDEs) in the nocturnal marine boundary layer

Gerhard Lammel, Franz X. Meixner, Branislav Vrana, Christos I. Efstathiou, Jiři Kohoutek, Petr Kukučka, Marie D. Mulder, Petra Přibylová, Roman Prokeš, Tatsiana P. Rusina, Guo-Zheng Song, and Manolis Tsapakis

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Cited articles

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Atlas, E. and Giam, C. S.: Sea-air exchange of high-molecular weight synthetic organic compounds, in: The role of air-sea exchange in geochemical cycles, edited by: Buat-Ménard, P., NATO ASI Ser. Vol. C185, Reidel, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 295–329, 1986.
Berrojalbiz, N., Castro-Jiménez, J., Mariani, G., Wollgast, J., Hanke, G., and Dachs, J.: Atmospheric occurrence, transport and deposition of polychlorinated biphenyls and hexachlorobenzene in the Mediterranean and Black seas, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 8947–8959, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-8947-2014, 2014.
Bidleman, T. F. and McConnell, L. L.: A review of field experiments to determine air–water gas-exchange of persistent organic pollutants, Sci. Total Environ., 159, 101–107, 1995.
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Short summary
As a consequence of long-range transported pollution air–sea exchange can become a major source of anthropogenic organic pollutants. Fluxes were studied at a remote coastal site in the Mediterranean, based on gradient measurements in air, measurements in surface seawater and eddy covariance. Night-time maxima in air are explained by volatilisation from the sea surface. Fluctuation of the direction of air–sea exchange indicate that long-term observations are needed.
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