Articles | Volume 21, issue 12
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 9887–9907, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-9887-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 9887–9907, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-9887-2021

Review article 01 Jul 2021

Review article | 01 Jul 2021

CO2-equivalence metrics for surface albedo change based on the radiative forcing concept: a critical review

Ryan M. Bright and Marianne T. Lund

Viewed

Total article views: 862 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
678 172 12 862 13 18
  • HTML: 678
  • PDF: 172
  • XML: 12
  • Total: 862
  • BibTeX: 13
  • EndNote: 18
Views and downloads (calculated since 10 Dec 2020)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 10 Dec 2020)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 967 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 964 with geography defined and 3 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 28 Sep 2021
Download
Short summary
Humans affect the reflective properties (albedo) of Earth's surface and the amount of solar energy that it absorbs, in turn affecting climate. In recent years, a variety of climate metrics have been applied to characterize albedo perturbations in terms of their CO2-equivalent effects, despite the lack of scientific consensus surrounding the methods behind them. We review these metrics, evaluate their (de)merits, provide guidance for future application, and suggest avenues for future research.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint