Articles | Volume 21, issue 14
Research article
23 Jul 2021
Research article |  | 23 Jul 2021

Lightning occurrences and intensity over the Indian region: long-term trends and future projections

Rohit Chakraborty, Arindam Chakraborty, Ghouse Basha, and Madineni Venkat Ratnam

Data sets

TRMM Lightning Image Sensor observation dataset GHRC DAAC

National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Reanalysis Product NOAA, ESRL

Level-3 MODIS Atmosphere Monthly Global Product Level-1 and Atmosphere Archive \& Distribution System Distributed Active Archive Center

Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Version5 Department of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Short summary
In this study, urbanization-induced surface warming has been found to trigger prominent changes in upper-troposphere–lower-stratosphere regions leading to stronger and more frequent lightning extremes over India. Consequently, the implementation of this hypothesis in global climate models reveals that lightning frequency and intensity values across India will rise by ~10–25 % and 15–50 %, respectively, by 2100 at the current urbanization rate, which should be alarming for present policymakers.
Final-revised paper