Articles | Volume 18, issue 12
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 9075–9089, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-9075-2018
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 9075–9089, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-9075-2018

Research article 28 Jun 2018

Research article | 28 Jun 2018

Production and transport mechanisms of NO in the polar upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere in observations and models

Koen Hendrickx et al.

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Cited articles

Andersson, M., Verronen, P., Marsh, D., Päivärinta, S., and Plane, J.: WACCM-D – Improved modeling of nitric acid and active chlorine during energetic particle precipitation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121, 10328–10341, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015jd024173, 2016. a
Arsenovic, P., Rozanov, E., Stenke, A., Funke, B., Wissing, J., Mursula, K., Tummon, F., and Peter, T.: The influence of middle range energy electrons on atmospheric chemistry and regional climate, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phy., 149, 180–190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2016.04.008, 2016. a
Bailey, S. M., Barth, C. A., and Solomon, S. C.: A model of nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 107, SIA 22–SIA 21, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JA000258, 2002. a, b
Barth, C. A.: Nitric Oxide in the Lower Thermosphere, in: The Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere: A Review of Experiment and Theory, edited by: Johnson, R. M. and Killeen, T. L., Vol. 87, Geophysical Monograph Series, 225–233, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., https://doi.org/10.1029/GM087p0225, 1995. a, b, c
Barth, C. A., Mankoff, K., Bailey, S., and Solomon, S.: Global observations of nitric oxide in the thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 108, 1027, https://doi.org/10.1029/2002ja009458, 2003. a
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The mechanisms that produce, destroy and transport nitric oxide (NO) in the Antarctic mesosphere and lower thermosphere are investigated in AIM-SOFIE satellite observations and compared to SD-WACCM simulations. During winter, NO concentrations are most similar while the altitude of maximum NO number densities is most separated. Even though the rate of descent is similar in both datasets, the simulated descending NO flux is too low in concentration, which reflects a missing source of NO.
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