Articles | Volume 18, issue 9
Review article
08 May 2018
Review article |  | 08 May 2018

Cryosphere: a kingdom of anomalies and diversity

Vladimir Melnikov, Viktor Gennadinik, Markku Kulmala, Hanna K. Lappalainen, Tuukka Petäjä, and Sergej Zilitinkevich


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Hanna Lappalainen on behalf of the Authors (20 Mar 2018)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (26 Mar 2018) by Imre Salma
AR by Hanna Lappalainen on behalf of the Authors (04 Apr 2018)  Author's response    Manuscript
Short summary
The cryosphere of the Earth overlaps with the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere over vast areas with temperatures below zero C and pronounced H2O phase changes. The cryosphere plays the role of a global thermostat; however, the processes related to the cryosphere attract insufficient attention from research communities. We call attention to crucial importance of cryogenic anomalies, which make the Earth atmosphere and the entire Earth system unique.
Final-revised paper