Articles | Volume 18, issue 9
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-6535-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-6535-2018
Review article
 | 
08 May 2018
Review article |  | 08 May 2018

Cryosphere: a kingdom of anomalies and diversity

Vladimir Melnikov, Viktor Gennadinik, Markku Kulmala, Hanna K. Lappalainen, Tuukka Petäjä, and Sergej Zilitinkevich

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Latest update: 22 May 2024
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Short summary
The cryosphere of the Earth overlaps with the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere over vast areas with temperatures below zero C and pronounced H2O phase changes. The cryosphere plays the role of a global thermostat; however, the processes related to the cryosphere attract insufficient attention from research communities. We call attention to crucial importance of cryogenic anomalies, which make the Earth atmosphere and the entire Earth system unique.
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