Articles | Volume 24, issue 10
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-6233-2024
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-6233-2024
Research article
 | 
28 May 2024
Research article |  | 28 May 2024

Initial atmospheric conditions control transport of volcanic volatiles, forcing and impacts

Zhihong Zhuo, Herman F. Fuglestvedt, Matthew Toohey, and Kirstin Krüger

Related authors

Mechanisms of hydrological responses to volcanic eruptions in the Asian monsoon and westerlies-dominated subregions
Zhihong Zhuo, Ingo Kirchner, and Ulrich Cubasch
Clim. Past, 19, 835–849, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-19-835-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-19-835-2023, 2023
Short summary
Climate impact of volcanic eruptions: the sensitivity to eruption season and latitude in MPI-ESM ensemble experiments
Zhihong Zhuo, Ingo Kirchner, Stephan Pfahl, and Ulrich Cubasch
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13425–13442, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-13425-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-13425-2021, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Climate and Earth System | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling and Data Analysis | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
Variability and long-term changes in tropical cold-point temperature and water vapor
Mona Zolghadrshojaee, Susann Tegtmeier, Sean M. Davis, and Robin Pilch Kedzierski
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 7405–7419, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-7405-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-7405-2024, 2024
Short summary
Why does stratospheric aerosol forcing strongly cool the warm pool?
Moritz Günther, Hauke Schmidt, Claudia Timmreck, and Matthew Toohey
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 7203–7225, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-7203-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-7203-2024, 2024
Short summary
Comparison of UKESM1 and CESM2 simulations using the same multi-target stratospheric aerosol injection strategy
Matthew Henry, Jim Haywood, Andy Jones, Mohit Dalvi, Alice Wells, Daniele Visioni, Ewa M. Bednarz, Douglas G. MacMartin, Walker Lee, and Mari R. Tye
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 13369–13385, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13369-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13369-2023, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Baldwin, M. P., Gray, L. J., Dunkerton, T. J., Hamilton, K., Haynes, P. H., Randel, W. J., Holton, J. R., Alexander, M. J., Hirota, I., Horinouchi, T., Jones, D. B. A., Kinnersley, J. S., Marquardt, C., Sato, K., and Takahashi, M.: The quasi-biennial oscillation, Rev. Geophys., 39, 179–229, https://doi.org/10.1029/1999RG000073, 2001. a, b
Bluth, G. J. S., Doiron, S. D., Schnetzler, C. C., Krueger, A. J., and Walter, L. S.: Global tracking of the SO2 clouds from the June, 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruptions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 151–154, https://doi.org/10.1029/91GL02792, 1992. a, b
Brenna, H., Kutterolf, S., and Kruger, K.: Global ozone depletion and increase of UV radiation caused by pre-industrial tropical volcanic eruptions, Sci. Rep., 9, 9435, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45630-0, 2019. a, b, c
Brenna, H., Kutterolf, S., Mills, M. J., and Krüger, K.: The potential impacts of a sulfur- and halogen-rich supereruption such as Los Chocoyos on the atmosphere and climate, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 6521–6539, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-6521-2020, 2020. a, b
Brenna, H., Kutterolf, S., Mills, M. J., Niemeier, U., Timmreck, C., and Krüger, K.: Decadal Disruption of the QBO by Tropical Volcanic Supereruptions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2020GL089687, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020gl089687, 2021. a
Download
Short summary
This work simulated volcanic eruptions with varied eruption source parameters under different initial conditions with a fully coupled Earth system model. We show that initial atmospheric conditions control the meridional distribution of volcanic volatiles and modulate volcanic forcing and subsequent climate and environmental impacts of tropical and Northern Hemisphere extratropical eruptions. This highlights the potential for predicting these impacts as early as the first post-eruption month.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint