Articles | Volume 23, issue 17
Research article
12 Sep 2023
Research article |  | 12 Sep 2023

A multimodel evaluation of the potential impact of shipping on particle species in the Mediterranean Sea

Lea Fink, Matthias Karl, Volker Matthias, Sonia Oppo, Richard Kranenburg, Jeroen Kuenen, Sara Jutterström, Jana Moldanova, Elisa Majamäki, and Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen

Data sets

CAMx Source Code and Documentation Ramboll Environment and Health

CHIMERE v2020r3 version (+ WRF 3.7.1 + OASIS-MCT3) A. Cholakian, S. Mailler, R. Pennel, M. Valari, F. Couvidat, L. Menut, and G. Siour

The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Preprocessing System WPS

ERA-Interim Reanalysis Data ECMWF IFS

Air Quality Data Download Service European Environment Agency

Model code and software

WRF – Weather Research and Forecasting Model Users' Page UCAR/NCAR Earth System Laboratory

Models Supported by COSMO COSMO Consortium

CMAQ (5.2) US EPA Office of Research and Development

Short summary
The Mediterranean Sea is a heavily trafficked shipping area, and air quality monitoring stations in numerous cities along the Mediterranean coast have detected high levels of air pollutants originating from shipping emissions. The current study investigates how existing restrictions on shipping-related emissions to the atmosphere ensure compliance with legislation. Focus was laid on fine particles and particle species, which were simulated with five different chemical transport models.
Final-revised paper