Articles | Volume 21, issue 18
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 14235–14250, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-14235-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 14235–14250, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-14235-2021
Research article
24 Sep 2021
Research article | 24 Sep 2021

Mass and density of individual frozen hydrometeors

Karlie N. Rees et al.

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Latest update: 26 Jan 2023
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Short summary
Accurate predictions of weather and climate require descriptions of the mass and density of snowflakes as a function of their size. Few measurements have been obtained to date because snowflakes are so small and fragile. This article describes results from a new instrument that automatically measures individual snowflake size, mass, and density. Key findings are that small snowflakes have much lower densities than is often assumed and that snowflake density increases with temperature.
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