Articles | Volume 21, issue 17
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13593–13608, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-13593-2021

Special issue: Ice nucleation in the boreal atmosphere

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13593–13608, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-13593-2021

Research article 13 Sep 2021

Research article | 13 Sep 2021

Supercooled liquid water and secondary ice production in Kelvin–Helmholtz instability as revealed by radar Doppler spectra observations

Haoran Li et al.

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Latest update: 21 Oct 2021
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Short summary
Kelvin–Helmholtz (K–H) clouds embedded in a stratiform precipitation event were uncovered via radar Doppler spectral analysis. Given the unprecedented detail of the observations, we show that multiple populations of secondary ice columns were generated in the pockets where larger cloud droplets are formed and not at some constant level within the cloud. Our results highlight that the K–H instability is favorable for liquid droplet growth and secondary ice formation.
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