Articles | Volume 19, issue 19
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-12295-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-12295-2019
Research article
 | 
02 Oct 2019
Research article |  | 02 Oct 2019

Relative humidity and O3 concentration as two prerequisites for sulfate formation

Yanhua Fang, Chunxiang Ye, Junxia Wang, Yusheng Wu, Min Hu, Weili Lin, Fanfan Xu, and Tong Zhu

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Latest update: 12 Jun 2024
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Short summary
Year-long observations of PM2.5, gaseous pollutants, and meteorological parameters in Beijing were analysed to investigate sulfate formation. RH and O3 concentrations above thresholds of 45 % and 35 ppb, respectively, greatly accelerated sulfate formation. Ambient changes in RH and O3 contributed to variations in sulfate formation among different seasons and pollution levels. A shift from gas-phase to multiphase SO2 oxidation contributed to fast sulfate formation under polluted conditions.
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